Planning and Socioeconomic Applications: Series: Geotechnologies and the Environment, Vol. 1
The book focuses on socio-demographics and the use of these data to support strategic planning initiatives associated with the spatial expansion of urban areas and economic development. It contains a conceptual discussion of the challenges, both methodological and practical, implementing GIS applications for assessing economic and planning activities in peripheral regions including developing countries.
The book examines how spatial clustering concepts, spatial models, and related visualization techniques (GIS) can be applied to the case of economic development in rural environments. It discusses methodological issues including data and analysis issues. It also examines the differential growth patterns of counties within city-systems of the Western United States from the date of county formation until the late 20th century, using an historical GIS and historical US Census data. The final chapter summarizes the collection and positions it within the context of the broader book series on geotechnologies.
The book is written by planning practitioners as well as university based researchers. It will provide scholars and professionals with a survey of the contemporary work in the field, and with insights into remaining questions, methodological debates, and technical complications of employing geotechnologies in the real world.
- Jay D. Gatrell and Ryan R. Jensen (Editors)
- 2009-02-01, Springer
Crime Analysis With Crime Mapping, Second Edition
Crime Analysis with Crime Mapping, 2nd Edition provides a basic introduction to crime analysis with crime mapping data and techniques for students and practitioners. Instead of focusing on specific technology or the use of it, the text focuses on concepts and practical examples of the concepts. As the only introductory core text book for crime analysis and mapping, this comprehensive text is one that every crime analyst should read and have on his or her shelf for review and reference.
The 2nd Edition includes the following:
- new preface outlines the purpose and intended market for the book
- new chapter (3) links the previous theory chapter to the practice of crime prevention in policing and provides justification for the importance and role of crime analysis in policing
- new chapter (9) discusses how patterns can be used by police and uses those concepts to walk students through the identification of meaningful and useful patterns
- brief new chapter (15) concludes the text and provides a review of how crime analysis fits into policing and crime prevention, its importance, improvements that can be made, and the future of the profession
- expanded discussion of the various types of technology for crime analysis and additional examples of how they can be used. Also included will be a broader discussion of GIS and GPS.
- discussion of the problem-solving process used in policing provides more theoretical and practical context to the process of developing hypotheses and conducting analyses based on these hypotheses.
- brief student study site takes the place of the original bound-in CD-Rom, and provides a link to the ATAC Software, exercise files, police reports, and journal articles
An Instructor’s Resource CD-Rom will provide chapter outlines, PowerPoint slides for each chapter, a sample syllabus, sample exams, and a test bank of multiple-choice and true//false questions (all created by the author).
- Rachel Boba
- 2009-01-01, SAGE Publications
Location Based TeleCartography and Services: From Sensor Fusion to Ubiquitous LBS
This book gives for the first time a general picture of research-driven activities related to the context of location and map-based services. Such activities emerged in the last years especially around issues of positioning, spatial modelling, cartographic communication as well as in the fields of ubiquitious cartography, geo-pervasive services or user-centered modelling. The innovative and contemporary character of the topics leads to a great variety of contributions in terms of interdisciplinarity, with such varying backgrounds as from academia to business, from computer science to geodesy. While contemporary cartography is aiming at new and efficient ways on communication spatial information the development and availability of technologies like mobile networking, mobile devices or short-range sensors lead to interesting new possibilities of achieving this aim. By trying to make use of the available technologies cartographers and a variety of related disciplines look specifically at user-centered and context-aware system development as well as new forms of supporting wayfinding and navigation systems.
- Georg Gartner and Karl Rehrl (Editors)
- 2009-01-01, Springer
Representing, Modeling and Visualizing the Natural Environment
The increase in public interest on the natural environment can most certainly be attributed to growing public awareness on the impacts of global warming and climate change. Representing, Modeling, and Visualizing the Natural Environment contains contributions from recognized experts and addresses crucial research questions pertaining to how the natural environment should be visually represented. The book considers the interplay between data representation, modeling, and visualization in environmental studies and reviews state-of-the-art GIS applications for the natural environment. The authors also identify emerging future research directions.
- Nick Mount, Paul Aplin, Gary Priestnall, Bruce Gittings, Elsa Joao and Jane Drummond (Editors)
- 2008-12-17, Routledge
Geographic Information Systems in Water Resources Engineering
GIS technology is increasingly used in water resources engineering in a variety of ways. This book provides a fundamental understanding of GIS, including how to develop and analyze geographic data, how to differentiate between the various types of geographic data, and how to assess the operational requirements needed to implement GIS. With an introduction to primary remote sensing as well as methods of interpretation and analysis, the text focuses on how GIS data can be applied to water resource analysis models. Such applications include water supply demand forecasting, hydrologic modeling watersheds, modeling erosion, and non-point sources of water pollution.
* Provides a basic understanding of GIS includes methods of interpretation and analysis
* Links GIS data with water resource analysis models
* Presents various water resource applications such as hydrologic modeling watersheds and modeling erosion
* Describes GIS database development, analysis background theory, and model integration with GIS
- Lynn E. Johnson
- 2008-12-15, Taylor & Francis
Statistical Detection and Surveillance of Geographic Clusters
Methods to monitor geographic patterns have received growing interest in recent years. Using an integrated approach, Statistical Detection and Monitoring of Geographic Clusters provides a thorough review of methods for cluster detection, organized according to the different types of hypotheses that can be investigated using these techniques. The book presents various methods that allow for quick detection of emergent geographic clusters. It includes actual datasets and simplified examples to illustrate key concepts. The authors also discuss the surveillance of geographic patterns and describe applications using GeoSurveillance software, which is available for download on the web.
* Presents an integrated approach to cluster detection and surveillance
* Illustrates methods using real-world datasets
* Describes the application of GeoSurveillance software
* Includes examples to enhance understanding of the concepts
- Peter Rogerson and Ikuho Yamada
- 2008-12-15, Taylor & Francis
Modelling Urban Development with Geographical Information Systems and Cellular Automata
Urban development and the migration from rural to urban areas are significant global phenomena. Various models aim to address these issues, especially cellular automata models. This book presents a simulation model of urban development based on cellular automata principles and provides theoretical context. The first part of the text supplies a practical review of modeling techniques in urban development research and develops a cellular automaton model incorporating fuzzy set and fuzzy logic approaches.
The second part of the text implements this model in a GIS environment to simulate the process of urban development as applied to the metropolitan area of Sydney, Australia.
- Yan Liu
- 2008-12-05, Taylor & Francis
Decision Support Systems for Risk-Based Management of Contaminated Sites
This book addresses decision making in environmental risk management for contaminated sites, focusing on the potential role of decision support systems in informing the management of chemical pollutants and their effects. Considering the environmental relevance and the financial impacts of contaminated sites all over the post-industrialized countries and the complexity of decision making in environmental risk management, decision support systems can be used by decision makers in order to have a more structured analysis of a problem at hand and define possible options of intervention to solve the problem.
Accordingly, the book provides an analysis of the main steps and tools for the development of decision support systems, namely: environmental risk assessment, decision analysis, spatial analysis and geographic information system, indicators and endpoints. Sections are dedicated to the review of decision support systems for contaminated land management and for inland and coastal waters management. Both include discussions of management problem formulation and of the application of specific decision support systems.
This book is a valuable support for environmental risk managers and for decision makers involved in a sustainable management of contaminated sites, including contaminated lands, river basins and coastal lagoons. Furthermore, it is a basic tool for the environmental scientists who gather data and perform assessments to support decisions, developers of decision support systems, students of environmental science and members of the public who wish to understand the assessment science that supports remedial decisions.
- Antonio Marcomini, Glenn Walter Suter II and Andrea Critto (Editors)
- 2008-12-01, Springer
Planning Support Systems Best Practice and New Methods
This book is about a particular set of geo-information technologies known as Planning Support Systems (PSS). It focuses on the adoption and application of PSS in practice. It aims to illustrate best practice but also to demonstrate new methods that are being developed for creating the next generation of PSS for use in various public or private sector planning contexts. The book is intended as a medium through which to exchange knowledge, insights and experiences amongst those directly involved of PSS so as to prevent ‘reinventing the wheel’. It also serves to communicate details about PSS methodology and management to those less informed about contemporary developments and to stimulate new and exciting applications of PSS in diverse planning situations. It provides planning practitioners, system developers and researchers with valuable insights into what planning support systems are, how they can be constructed and implemented, and in which situations they can provide valuable support for decision making.
- Stan Geertman and John Charles Harold Stillwell (Editors)
- 2008-12-01, Springer
Business Site Selection, Location Analysis and GIS
All organizations businesses, government agencies, and even individuals face location and relocation decisions: where to open a new store, where to build a new factory, where to locate a new transportation hub? Written by two of the leading researchers in the field, here is the first book to cover the convergent use of GIS for Location Science analysis. The book's integrated approach enables analysts to look beyond theoretical location constructs to focus on the resolution of actual siting problems, producing better data and model representations, developing better solution approaches, and providing better visualization of location alternatives than otherwise possible.
- Richard L. Church and Alan T. Murray
- 2008-11-01, Wiley