Geographic Information Systems in Water Resources Engineering
GIS technology is increasingly used in water resources engineering in a variety of ways. This book provides a fundamental understanding of GIS, including how to develop and analyze geographic data, how to differentiate between the various types of geographic data, and how to assess the operational requirements needed to implement GIS. With an introduction to primary remote sensing as well as methods of interpretation and analysis, the text focuses on how GIS data can be applied to water resource analysis models. Such applications include water supply demand forecasting, hydrologic modeling watersheds, modeling erosion, and non-point sources of water pollution.
* Provides a basic understanding of GIS includes methods of interpretation and analysis
* Links GIS data with water resource analysis models
* Presents various water resource applications such as hydrologic modeling watersheds and modeling erosion
* Describes GIS database development, analysis background theory, and model integration with GIS
- Lynn E. Johnson
- 2008-12-15, Taylor & Francis
Geographic Uncertainty in Environmental Security: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Fuzziness and Uncertainty in GIS for Environmental Security and Protection, Kyiv, Ukraine, June 28-July 1, 2006
On June 28 through July 1 of 2006, a NATO Advanced Research Workshop was held in Kyiv, Ukraine. This workshop brought the top researchers in Fuzzy GIS together, both from NATO countries as well as partner countries. The workshop focused on how uncertainty and fuzziness can be better modelled and implemented in Geographic Information Science to help decision makers make more informed choices, especially as they pertain to environmental security and protection.
- Ashley Morris and Svitlana Kohkan (Editors)
- 2007-09-01, Springer
Geographical Information Systems for Group Decision Making
This is a timely and important contribution to GIS, bringing together many aspects of participatory, spatial decision making in one volume. Rather than stressing the rapidly changing nature of GIS technologies, the book concentrates on the concepts underlying the use of information technology. There at least three good reasons to read this book. First, it will give you a stimulating perspective on how research into the use of geographical technology results in new knowledge on participatory decision making. Second, it will challenge you to look at the socio-behavioural aspects underlying the use of information technology. Finally, Geographical Information Systems for Group Decision Making will force you to re-examine the conventional assumptions about GIS. The book, although strongly US based, can be recommended to all including both academics and practitioners.
- Piotr Jankowski, Timothy Nyerges
- 2001-01-18, Taylor & Francis
Geographical Information Systems in Archaeology
Geographical Information Systems has moved from the domain of the computer specialist into the wider archaeological community, providing it with an exciting new research method. This clearly written but rigorous book provides a comprehensive guide to that use. Topics covered include: the theoretical context and the basics of GIS; data acquisition including database design; interpolation of elevation models; exploratory data analysis including spatial queries; statistical spatial analysis; map algebra; spatial operations including the calculation of slope and aspect, filtering and erosion modeling; methods for analysing regions; visibility analysis; network analysis including hydrological modeling; the production of high quality output for paper and electronic publication; and the use and production of metadata. Offering an extensive range of archaeological examples, it is an invaluable source of practical information for all archaeologists, whether engaged in cultural resource management or academic research. This is essential reading for both the novice and the advanced user.
•Archaeological examples included throughout
• Introduces underlying theoretical principles as well as practical methods and techniques
• Highly illustrated
1. Introduction and theoretical issues in archaeological GIS; 2. First principles; 3. Putting GIS to work in archaeology; 4. The geodatabase; 5. Spatial data acquisition; 6. Building surface models; 7. Beginning exploratory data analysis; 8. Spatial analysis; 9. Map algebra, surface derivatives and spatial processes; 10. Regions: territories, catchments and viewsheds; 11. Routes: networks, cost paths and hydrology; 12. Maps and digital cartography; 13. Maintaining spatial data.
- James Conolly and Mark Lake
- 2006-05-06, Cambridge University Press
Geographically Weighted Regression: The Analysis of Spatially Varying Relationships
Geographical Weighted Regression (GWR) is a modelling technique for local spatial analysis, one that allows local as opposed to global models of relationships to be formulated and calibrated. Developed by the authors, GWR is a technique with potentially widespread application. The only book on this technique, Geographically Weighted Regression: The Analysis of Spatially Varying Relationships covers all existing knowledge on GWR, from very basic concepts to advanced ideas on statistical inference for GWR models. Coverage includes the basic conceptual and mathematical frameworks of GWR, including a worked example of GWR showing the step-by-step procedures involved. GWR software, available on the associated Web site, is also introduced.
- A. Stewart Fotheringham, Chris Brunsdon and Martin Charlton
- 2002-08-01, Wiley
Geography and Drug Addiction
The research in this book on the geographical context of drug addiction contributes to better understanding the etiology of addiction, its diffusion, its interaction with geographically variable environmental, social, and economic factors, and the strategies for its treatment and prevention. This book explores links between geography and drug abuse and identifies research ideas, connections, and research pathways which point to some promising avenues for future work in this area.
The topics explored in Geography and Drug Addiction include:
* Spatial patterns of drug use and addiction
* Linking spatial models with drug abuse research
* Interaction of social and environmental factors with biochemical processes of addiction
* Locational analyses of drug addiction treatment and service delivery facilities
* Neighborhood scale studies of geographic factors (including the built environment) and their interaction with drug addiction, treatment, or prevention
* Use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to better understanding and respond to drug addiction
* Spatial diffusion modeling of addictive drug usage and its changing characteristics, including also predictive modeling
* Social epidemiology and GIS
This book will serve as an excellent resource to geographers and drug abuse researchers, including sociologists, epidemiologists, social scientists in general and public health researchers, both in policy and academia.
- Yonette F. Thomas, Douglas Richardson and Ivan Cheung (Editors)
- 2008-08-01, Springer
GeoHydroinformatics: Integrating GIS and Water Engineering
To say that the rapid emergence of GIS has revolutionized water engineering is no exaggeration. GIS has proven to be especially useful when looking at what if scenarios and for developing complex simulation models. GeoHydroinformatics: Integrating GIS and Water Engineering is the first volume to answer the need for an authoritative resource that provides quick access to advances in GIS as they relate to various water engineering schemes. Presenting the pioneering work of leading experts in GIS and hydroinformatics, this book is for those developing GIS and Land Based Systems applications as well as for water scientists and engineers, especially those working as water network modelers.
* Offers the first comprehensive volume that integrates GIS applications and research with hydroinformatics
* Serves the needs of those involved with GIS, and LBS, as well as civil and water engineers and computer scientists working as water network modelers
* Presents the pioneering work of leading experts in GIS and hydroinformatics
* Meets the needs of instructors wishing to develop courses in this rapidly emerging
- Suchith Anand, Mark Ware, Mike Jackson, Kalanithy Vairavamoorthy and Robert J. Abrahart
- 2010-07-26, Taylor & Francis
Geomagnetics for Aeronautical Safety : A Case Study in and Around the Balkans
Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on New Data for the Magnetic Field in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia for Enhanced Flying and Airport Safety, Ohrid, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
Flying safely in aircraft implies the use of navigation instruments. Among them, the magnetic compass is still a first choice for orientation and it is compulsory in all aircraft. In our increasingly sophisticated but fragile world of global navigation systems and gyroscopic sensors, the compass is especially useful as a back-up: it is highly reliable and likely to survive in harsh electromagnetic aggressions or when all power supplies fail. This book examines in detail how the science of geomagnetism is able to promote correct use of the magnetic compass for navigation. A selected group of specialists met in Ohrid, Macedonia to expose their approaches to the question. Using techniques from Geology, Instrument science, Magnetism, Chaos theory and Potential Fields applied to the Balkan region and surroundings, they put together a roadmap to fully tackle the issue of measurement, analysis, mapping and forecasting the magnetic declination in support of aeronautical safety.
- Jean L. Rasson and Todor Delipetrov (Editors)
- 2006-06-01, Springer
Geomatics Solutions for Disaster Management
Natural and anthropogenic disasters have caused a large number of victims and significant social and economic losses in the last few years. There is no doubt that the risk prevention and disaster management sector needs drastic measures and improvements in order to decrease damage and save lives of inhabitants. Effective utilization of satellite positioning, remote sensing, and GIS in disaster monitoring and management requires research and development in numerous areas: data collection, access and delivery, information extraction and analysis, management and their integration with other data sources, data standardization, organizational and legal aspects of sharing of remote sensing information. This book provides researchers and practitioners with a good overview of what is being developed in this topical area.
- Jonathan Li, Sisi Zlatanova and Andrea Fabbri (Editors)
- 2007-06-01, Springer
Advances in sensor technology and deployment strategies are revolutionizing the way that geospatial information is collected and analyzed. The advent of nanotechnology makes it feasible to deploy low cost, low power devices with on-board sensing and wireless communications capabilities. As a result of this new sensor deployment reality, the fields of GIS and remote sensing face multiple research challenges related to real-time geosensor data collection, management, analysis, and delivery.
GeoSensor Networks addresses these issues in a collection of papers submitted by experts in such diverse research domains as spatial databases, spatial information modeling, robotics, digital image analysis, mobile computing, operating systems, database management, and environmental applications.
Providing a cross-disciplinary forum that will foster collaboration and development, this volume has four sections, each of which represents a major aspect of geosensor networks: databases, image processing, computer networks, and applications. Combined, these papers deliver an excellent snapshot of the state of the art in these fields, and offer a thoughtful and balanced evaluation of the potential and emerging challenges of successfully developing and deploying these networks.
- Illustrates the integration of database and image processing technologies with sensor networks
- Explores computer network processes that support location-aware routing, synthetic data generation, and energy efficient channel allocation
- Investigates geospatial applications of sensor networks, including integrated earth sensing, open geospatial sensing, and urban operations imagery
- Anthony Stefanidis and Silvia Nittel
- 2004-08-30, Taylor & Francis