Geographic Information Management in Local Government
Examining the factors that are necessary to ensure that real business benefits are delivered from the improved availability of geographic information, this reference explores the impact new technologies have on local governments. Issues covered include:
* the emergence of Geographic Information Management and GIS in local government
* key elements of human and organizational issues, data, the technology toolbox, GIS selection and implementation, and coordinating mechanisms
* prospects and challenges for further GIM by local governments
The subject is considered from a user's perspective, focusing on real-world implementations and includes in-depth analyses of nine case studies of the use of new technologies by local UK authorities.
- Ian Gilfoyle and Peter Thorpe
- 2004-11-01, Taylor & Francis
Geographic Information Science and Mountain Geomorphology
Significant advances in geomatics and geomorphology are changing the way in which scientists study complex mountain environments. This book provides a critical treatment and evaluation of these recent developments. With the advent of advanced satellite sensors, high resolution satellite imagery and digital elevation, models now make possible quantitative analysis and modelling of the landscape. So it is becoming ever more important for geoscientists to integrate geomatics into their scientific investigation. This book is a "must" for any researcher actively working in geomatics, geomorphology and mountain systems. It will also be valuable to geologists and resource planners interested in the role of surface processes in complex orogens and resource assessment and sustainable development.
- Michael Bishop and John F. Shroder,
- 2004-01-01, Springer
Geographic Information Systems and Crime Analysis
This book features a diverse array of GIS applications in crime analysis, from general issues such as GIS as a communication process and inter-jurisdictional data sharing to specific applications in tracking serial killers and predicting juvenile violence. The book showcases a broad range of methods and techniques from typical GIS tasks such as geocoding and hotspot analysis to advanced technologies such as geographic profiling, agent-based modeling and web GIS. Contributors range from university professors, criminologists in research institutes to police chiefs, GIS analysts in police departments and consultants in criminal justice.
- Fahui Wang
- 2005-01-01, Idea Group Publishing
Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling
Intended for advanced courses in Geographic Information Systems, Spatial Data Processing, or Environmental Modeling. This text, written by experts in the field, provides the only comprehensive and authoritative treatment of the topic available.
- Keith C. Clarke, Brad O. Parks, Michael P. Crane
- 2001-05-07, Prentice Hall
Geographic Information Systems and Health Applications
The use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in the health sector is an idea whose time has come. The current applications of GIS in health are diverse and extensive. The present GIS environment is heavily driven by technology and such an approach is indeed logical for the most part. However, the needs of less-developed countries in utilizing the concepts and technologies of mapping should not be neglected in the continuing evolution of GIS. Geographic Information Systems and Health Applications presents a sampling of the many applications utilizing GIS in the field of health.
- Omar A. Khan and Ric Skinner
- 2002-10-31, Idea Group Publishing
Geographic Information Systems and Public Health: Eliminating Perinatal Disparity
This book is designed to introduce a community health group to the potential of using a Geographic Information System to improve birth outcomes. The book is aimed at novice to intermediate level GIS users, though even advanced researchers will gain from the detailed health examples. Chapters in this book provide an overview of why geography is important in the investigation of health, the importance of the four main components of a GIS (data input, manipulation, analysis and visualization), how important neighborhood context is when using a GIS, and the general differences found between urban and rural health environments. In addition, the reader is introduced to the importance of GIS and confidentially, how a mobile urban population may impact GIS findings, and why pregnant mothers should catered for when making disaster response plans. Examples are drawn heavily from the Baton Rouge Healthy Start program, with one chapter providing an overview guide as to how GIS can be incorporated in the initial grant writing stage for such a program.
- Andrew Curtis and Michael Leitner
- 2005-12-30, Idea Group Publishing
Geographic Information Systems and the Law : Mapping the Legal Frontiers
This book, avoiding technological and legal jargon, clarifies the issues of the rights, limitations, and responsibilities of GIS. Geographic Information Systems and the Law addresses the legal relations between those who provide data and those who use the data. Areas covered include; the legal regimes and economic aspects of GIS; contract law governing information technology; data and information in a digital age; legal liabilities — damages, negligence, and standards of care; public access and ownership of information; privacy and security issues — intellectual property and copyright and international law and the globalisation of information technology. The analysis is illustrated by an international range of case material from the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia and New Zealand.
- George Cho
- 1998-06-01, Wiley
Geographic Information Systems Applications in Natural Resource Management, Second Edition
Geographic Information Systems: Applications in Natural Resource Management is intended for introductory-course students in forestry and natural resource management, field forestry, biology, and other natural resource or natural resource-related fields. The emphasis of this book is on the application of Geographic Information systems (GIS). It provides detailed coverage of GIS operations such as querying, buffering, clipping, and overlay analysis; as well as background information on the history of GIS, database creation, editing and acquisition, and map development. The applications provided can be extended to any region of the world, although the primary emphasis is on Canada and the rest of North America. This book also examines current GIS trends, and the opportunities and challenges likely to face GIS users.
- Michael G. Wing and Pete Bettinger
- 2008-08-21, Oxford University Press
Geographic Information Systems for the Social Sciences: Investigating Space and Place
This book offers a nuts-and-bolts introduction to GIS for undergraduate and graduate students taking methods courses across the social sciences. It is an excellent textbook for courses dedicated to GIS research and its applications in the fields of Sociology, Criminology, Public Health, Geography, Anthropology, Political Science, and Environmental Studies. It is also a valuable resource for any social scientist or practitioner interested in applying GIS technology to his or her work.
An Instructor's Resource CD, containing Power Point slides, test questions, and suggested Web site links, among other items, is also available to all professors adopting this text.
- Steven J. Steinberg and Sheila L. Steinberg
- 2005-08-01, SAGE Publications
Geographic Information Systems in Water Resources Engineering
GIS technology is increasingly used in water resources engineering in a variety of ways. This book provides a fundamental understanding of GIS, including how to develop and analyze geographic data, how to differentiate between the various types of geographic data, and how to assess the operational requirements needed to implement GIS. With an introduction to primary remote sensing as well as methods of interpretation and analysis, the text focuses on how GIS data can be applied to water resource analysis models. Such applications include water supply demand forecasting, hydrologic modeling watersheds, modeling erosion, and non-point sources of water pollution.
* Provides a basic understanding of GIS includes methods of interpretation and analysis
* Links GIS data with water resource analysis models
* Presents various water resource applications such as hydrologic modeling watersheds and modeling erosion
* Describes GIS database development, analysis background theory, and model integration with GIS
- Lynn E. Johnson
- 2008-12-15, Taylor & Francis