GIS Environmental Modelling and Engineering
Focusing on modelling rather than on data collection or visualisation, GIS Environmental Modelling and Engineering discusses methods for predicting, assessing, and mitigating against adverse impacts that arise from continuing development and use of resources. It describes GIS, explains what they are, how the data are structured, and the most common types of functionality.
- Allan Brimicombe
- 2003-08-29, Taylor & Francis
Wind Resource Assessment: A Practical Guide to Developing a Wind Project
A practical, authoritative guide to the assessment of wind resources for utility-scale wind projects, authored by a team of experts from a leading renewable energy consultancy
The successful development of wind energy projects depends on an accurate assessment of where, how often, and how strongly the wind blows. A mistake in this stage of evaluation can cause severe financial losses and missed opportunities for developers, lenders, and investors.
Wind Resource Assessment: A Practical Guide to Developing a Wind Project shows readers how to achieve a high standard of resource assessment, reduce the uncertainty associated with long-term energy performance, and maximize the value of their project assets. Beginning with the siting, installation, and operation of a high-quality wind monitoring program, this book continues with methods of data quality control and validation, extrapolating measurements from anemometer height to turbine height, adjusting short-term observations for historical climate conditions, and wind flow modeling to account for terrain and surface conditions.
In addition, Wind Resource Assessment addresses special topics such as:
* Worker safety
* Data security
* Remote sensing technology (sodar and lidar)
* Offshore resource assessment
* Impacts of climate change
* Uncertainty estimation
* Plant design and energy production estimatio
Filled with important information ranging from basic fundamentals of wind to cutting-edge research topics, and accompanied by helpful references and discussion questions, this comprehensive text, designed for an international audience, is a vital reference that promotes consistent standards for wind assessment across the industry.
- Michael Brower
- 2012-06-01, Wiley
Spatial Management of Risks
Spatial analysis is an increasingly important tool for detecting numerous risk phenomena. This book concentrates on examples of prevention but also gives crisis control advice and practical case studies.
Some chapters address urban applications in which vulnerabilities are concentrated in area; others address more rural areas with more scattered phenomena.
- Gérard Brugnot (Editors)
- 2007-12-01, Hermes Science Publishing (iSTE)
GIS Programming: Concepts And Applications
Conventional GIS does not provide all the functions needed for geospatial processing. As a result, GIS customization and programming are becoming increasingly important. Focusing on automation and customization, this book describes concepts of computer programming in general and of GIS programming in particular. Python and Visual Basic for Application illustrate the geospatial techniques discussed in the text. Various applications further demonstrate concepts and methods. An included CD-ROM provides a wide range of hands-on exercises as well as sample data for programming. This complete reference is designed to bring professionals up to date in this rapidly evolving field.
- Zhi-Jun Liu and Rick Bunch
- 2013-04-01, Taylor & Francis
Putting Fear of Crime on the Map
Since first emerging as an issue of concern in the late 1960s, fear of crime has become one of the most researched topics in contemporary criminology and receives considerable attention in a range of other disciplines including social ecology, social psychology and geography. Researchers looking the subject have consistently uncovered alarming characteristics, primarily relating to the behavioural responses that people adopt in relation to their fear of crime. This book reports on research conducted over the past eight years, in which efforts have been made to pioneer the combination of techniques from behavioural geography with Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in order to map the fear of crime.
The first part of the book outlines the history of research into fear of crime, with an emphasis on the many approaches that have been used to investigate the problem and the need for a spatially-explicit approach. The second part provides a technical break down of the GIS-based techniques used to map fear of crime and summarises key findings from two separate study sites. The authors describe collective avoidance behaviour in relation to disorder decline models such as the Broken Windows Thesis, the potential to integrate fear mapping with police-community partnerships and emerging avenues for further research. Issues discussed include fear of crime in relation to housing prices and disorder, the use of fear mapping as a means with which to monitor the impact of Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) and fear mapping in transit environments.
- Bruce J. Doran and Melissa Burgess
- 2011-09-01, Springer
Seismic Risks and Earthquake Impacts
An overview of the underlying physical principles that dominate earthquake occurrence and associated geological faulting in the natural environment, but in especially in relation to humans and their environment. Having established the principles, he shows how they can be applied and earthquake impact quantified, and so vulnerability becomes a central consideration. The seismological, tectonic, vulnerability and management issues raised by earthquakes and their associated phenomena are described in detail.
The multidisciplinary knowledge required for the understanding and evaluation of these hazards is a major point of focus. Examples will be provided from earthquakes old and new in central Asia and China, Europe including the UK, India, the USA and South America, Australia and elsewhere. Hazard case studies for both conventional and special facilities, including nuclear, are introduced, and damage vulnerabilities of traditional and modern engineered dwellings are contrasted.
The book also covers urban risk and earthquake scenario analysis for understanding and management using GIS environments, as well as the use of satellites to investigate the diverse problems of crustal deformation, quantification of urban stock, and damage following earthquake.
- Paul Burton
- 2013-01-01, Springer
Modeling Phosphorus in the Environment
Despite advances in modeling, such as graphical user interfaces, the use of GIS layers, and databases for developing input files, the approaches to modeling phosphorus (P) have not changed since their initial development in the 1980s. Current understanding of P processes has evolved and this new information needs to be incorporated into the current models. Filling this need, Modeling Phosphorus in the Environment describes basic approaches to modeling P, how the current models implement these approaches, and ways to improve them.
The book sets the scene with a review of general approaches to modeling runoff and erosion, P in runoff, leaching of P, stream processes that affect P, and an examination of the important issue of model uncertainty. It describes state-of-the-science watershed-scale P transport models including dynamic semi-disturbed models, models of intermediate complexity, and two lumped models. Phosphorus Indexes (PIs) represent one end of the modeling spectrum and the book takes a comprehensive look at PIs developed in each state, and illustrates some of the problems encountered when incorporating PIs into farm-scale manure management software. The book discusses monitoring data, which is critical for calibrating models, and concludes with suggestions for improving the modeling of P.
From researching mechanisms to applying regulations, the uses of phosphorus models have increased as our knowledge of the effects of phosphorus in the environment has increased. Drawing on contributions from experts, the book gives you the tools to select the model that best fits your needs.
* Provides a single source for information on basic approaches used in modeling P
* Delineates the latest methods for quantifying stream P processes
* Includes a chapter on model uncertainty by one of the world leaders in this field
* Discusses the models available for predicting the fate of P in the environment
* Describes specific P processes that need to be added to current models
* Presents an in-depth assessment of the most popular models available
- David E. Radcliffe and Miguel L. Cabrera
- 2006-11-14, Taylor & Francis
GIS for Sustainable Development
This reference work analyses how GIS applications can contribute to improvements in decision making for those involved in sustainable development at all institutional levels. The growing availability of spatial data along with developments in GIS allows for implementation of informational planning processes in analysis and design from a sustainable viewpoint. This book reviews the latest software applications that can be used for sustainable spatial planning, and also includes an overview of research topics and applications as an introduction to the many uses of GIS technologies.
- Michele Campagna (Editor)
- 2005-08-29, Taylor & Francis
Location, Transport and Land-Use: Modelling Spatial-Temporal Information
This book identifies the underlying principles that govern siting, community development, and product/service delivery. Included are step-by-step procedures to perform: site location, land-use planning, location-routing, competitive allocation of products/services and spatial forecasting. The treatment goes well beyond the state-of-the-art, suggesting specific emerging techniques that are able to address the following problems: emergency-response to natural and manmade hazards, environmental planning, infrastructure management, intelligent transportation systems, real-estate development, remote-sensing, supply-chain management and urban land-use plans. Mindful of the cross-disciplinary nature of today's practice, this book equips professionals and researchers with the necessary techniques and software to work effectively with other members of the team, often from a different background. Location, Transport, and Land-Use is supplemented by many examples, case studies and solutions.
- Yupo Chan
- 2005-12-01, Springer
Programming ArcObjects with VBA: A Task-Oriented Approach, Second Edition
If you're ready to take your knowledge of ArcGIS to the next level, then you need to learn how to work with ArcObjects. But with thousands of objects, properties, and methods, how can you ever hope to sort through the ArcObjects model diagrams?
The first edition of Chang's Programming ArcObjects with VBA: A Task-Oriented Approach gave us the answer. The author's task-oriented approach shows you how to sort through the massive ArcObjects collection by examining only the objects, properties, and methods you need to perform specific tasks.
What's new in the second edition?
This edition adds macros and explanations for the new Geoprocessing object introduced in ArcGIS 9.x. Instead of treating this new feature in separate chapters, the author incorporates Geoprocessing code into the existing chapters. The code appears conveniently in boxes that allow you to easily compare sample macros.
Get Started with Ready-to-Use Code
The companion CD-ROM contains 95 complete ArcObjects macros and 33 Geoprocessing macros, along with datasets to execute the code. Each program begins with a short usage description and a list of key properties and methods, followed by the listing and explanation of the code itself.
Regardless of your programming experience, Programming ArcObjects with VBA: A Task-Oriented Approach, Second Edition gives you the key to unlock the power and versatility of using ArcObjects to help you manage GIS activities.
# Teaches practical skills to reduce repetitive tasks, streamline workflows, and add functionalities that are not easily available in the main interface of ArcGIS
* Supplies a total of 128 ready-to-use macros in VBA for performing a wide variety of common tasks in ArcGIS
* Helps make sense of the huge collection of ArcObjects by explaining only the objects relevant to specific tasks
* Presents macros in two or more sections for easier understanding and detailed explanations
* Uses extensive diagrams to clearly illustrate the objects, properties, and methods
- Kang-Tsung Chang
- 2007-08-01, Taylor & Francis