Basics of Geomatics
This collection focuses on recent advances in laboratory and field testing of unsaturated soils. Leading researchers from fourteen countries to represent global research in the area of experimental unsaturated soil mechanics have been invited to contribute to this book. Twelve reports are presented dealing with measurement and control of suction and water content, mechanical, hydraulic, and geo-environmental testing, microstructure investigation, and applications of unsaturated soil monitoring to engineering behaviour of geo-structures.
The main motivation behind this volume is the rapid growth of experimental unsaturated soil mechanics over the last couple of decades. Several innovative laboratory and field techniques have been introduced in mechanical, hydraulic, and geo-environmental testing. However, this information is widely dispersed in journals and conference proceedings and researchers and engineers beginning to work in the field of unsaturated soil mechanics may find it difficult to identify suitable equipment and instrumentation for research or professional purposes. This volume aims at providing scientists and practitioners with a comprehensive overview of experimental unsaturated soil mechanics.
Audience: Geoscientists, geographers, engineers, architects, computer scientists, urban planners, specialists in GIS, remote sensing, forestry, agricultural science, soil science geometry, environmental scientists and managers.
- Mario A. Gomarasca
- 2009-06-15, Springer
Bayesian Disease Mapping
- Provides an overview of Bayesian modeling and computation for disease mapping
- Covers disease map reconstruction, disease cluster detection, multi-scale disease mapping, and more
- Presents detailed case studies
- Implements examples using R and WinBUGS
In line with the recent growth of Bayesian methods applied to the modeling of geo-referenced health data, Bayesian Disease Mapping presents a practical overview of Bayesian modeling and computation in disease mapping. It covers various application areas, including disease map reconstruction, disease cluster detection, multi-scale disease mapping, spatio-temporal models, spatial survival analysis, spatial longitudinal analysis, and latent structure models. The book features a wide range of detailed case studies to illustrate how the methods can be applied. The author implements all examples using R and WinBUGS and provides additional code and datasets available for download on the web.
- Andrew B. Lawson
- 2008-08-05, Taylor & Francis
Beginning Databases with PostgreSQL: From Novice to Professional
PostgreSQL is one of the world’s most popular Open Source relational database systems. It is renowned for its wide range of capabilities, and its ability to perform functions not available in other databases. The forthcoming release of PostgreSQL 8.0 in late 2004/early 2005 will include major revisions, such as Win32 Native Support, and this book will provide the tools for anyone making the transition or learning about PostgreSQL for the first time.
This book introduces readers to many of the most prominent features, simultaneously introducing key relational database design and management principles that will help the novice reader effectively manage their data-driven application.
Over 150 pages of coverage is devoted to the most popular PostgreSQL APIs, including PHP, Perl, Java and C. Users of all levels will appreciate the 50 pages of condensed reference material covering PostgreSQL data types, syntax, the psql client, and large object support.
- Neil Mathew Richard Stones
- 2005-04-01, Apress
Business Site Selection, Location Analysis and GIS
All organizations businesses, government agencies, and even individuals face location and relocation decisions: where to open a new store, where to build a new factory, where to locate a new transportation hub? Written by two of the leading researchers in the field, here is the first book to cover the convergent use of GIS for Location Science analysis. The book's integrated approach enables analysts to look beyond theoretical location constructs to focus on the resolution of actual siting problems, producing better data and model representations, developing better solution approaches, and providing better visualization of location alternatives than otherwise possible.
- Richard L. Church and Alan T. Murray
- 2008-11-01, Wiley
Calculating Risks?: The Spatial and Political Dimensions of Hazardous Waste Policy
Hazardous wastes often head the public's list of environmental concerns. Exaggerated estimates of cancer epidemics arising from waste sites generate a sense of alarm, but little is known about the real extent of the health threats. In this book James T. Hamilton and W. Kip Viscusi present the first comprehensive analysis of the magnitude of hazardous waste risks and of the efficacy of the Environmental Protection Agency's Superfund program.
By matching agency decision data to detailed census information using geographic information systems (GIS) technology, the authors show that most hazardous waste sites do not pose sufficient risk to merit the most stringent cleanup options. Those sites that do pose considerable risk to exposed populations often receive inadequate attention, because government decisions to target cleanups are based more on political factors than on actual risks. The authors propose policy reforms that could significantly reduce cleanup costs without sacrificing the protection of human health. Beyond its analysis of a particular risk policy, the book serves as a general model for comprehensive risk analysis.
- James T. Hamilton and W. Kip Viscusi
- 1999-09-01, The MIT Press
Climate Change and Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration in Central Asia
This book brings together current knowledge of terrestrial C sequestration in Central Asia. The themes treated include: biophysical environments, water resources, sustainable agriculture, soil degradation, the effects of irrigation schemes on secondary salinization, soil management and its relationship to carbon dynamics; the relationship between forest management and carbon dynamics, economic analyses of land use practices, important methodological issues arising from the use of GIS, remote sensing, carbon budgeting and scaling, and a review of the knowledge gaps in carbon and climate change. The book is a reference source for soil, water, vegetation, climate, land use and management in the region. The book will be of interest to a wide variety of environmental scientists, economists and those interested in policy issues for the sustainable management of natural resources.
- Rattan Lal, M. Suleimenov, B.A. Stewart, D.O. Hansen and Paul Doraiswamy (Editors)
- 2007-08-02, Taylor & Francis
Coastal and Marine Geo-Information Systems: Applying the Technology to the Environment
his volume comprises a collection of 40 chapters by experts dealing with the application of Geographical Information Systems (GIS), remote sensing, cartography, visualisation and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) to coastal and marine environments around the world. Aimed primarily at the practising marine and coastal zone manager, it provides an up-to-date examination of the application of geo-information and spatial technologies to a wide range of topics such as fisheries, coastal geomorphology, the use of remotely sensed imagery, coastal vegetation mapping, coastal pollution, landscape ecology, and decision support systems (DSS).
- David R. Green and Stephen D. King, (Editors)
- 2003-04-01, Springer
Complexity and Planning Systems, Assemblages and Simulations
Complexity, complex systems and complexity theories are becoming increasingly important within a variety disciplines. While these issues are less well known within the discipline of spatial planning, there has been a recent growing awareness and interest.
As planners grapple with how to consider the vagaries of the real world when putting together proposals for future development, they question how complexity, complex systems and complexity theories might prove useful with regard to spatial planning and the physical environment.
This book provides a readable overview, presenting and relating a range of understandings and characteristics of complexity and complex systems as they are relevant to planning. It recognizes multiple, relational approaches of dynamic complexity which enhance understandings of, and facilitate working with, contingencies of place, time and the various participants' behaviours. In doing so, it should contribute to a better understanding of processes with regard to our physical and social worlds.
- Gert De Roo, Jean Hillier, Joris Van Wezemael
- 2012-07-01, Ashgate
Computer-aided Systems in Public Transport
This volume consists of selected papers presented at the Ninth International Conference on Computer-Aided Scheduling of Public Transport. It centers on advancements in the state of art and the state of the practice in computer-aided systems in public transport, but also illustrates a greater breadth of subjects in this area. Coverage includes the use of computer-aided methods and operations research techniques to improve: information management; network and route planning; vehicle and crew scheduling and rostering; vehicle monitoring and management; and practical experience with scheduling and public transport planning methods.
- Mark Hickman, Pitu Mirchandani and Stefan Voß (Editors)
- 2007-10-30, Springer
Conceptual Modeling for Traditional and Spatio-Temporal Applications: The MADS Approach
From environmental management to land planning and geo-marketing, the number of application domains that may greatly benefit from using data enriched with spatio-temporal features is expanding very rapidly. Unfortunately, development of new spatio-temporal applications is hampered by the lack of conceptual design methods suited to cope with the additional complexity of spatio-temporal data. This complexity is obviously due to the particular semantics of space and time, but also to the need for multiple representations of the same reality to address the diversity of requirements from highly heterogeneous user communities. Conceptual design methods are also needed to facilitate the exchange and reuse of existing data sets, a must in geographical data management due to the high collection costs of the data. Yet, current practice in areas like geographical information systems or moving objects databases does not include conceptual design methods very well, if at all.
This book shows that a conceptual design approach for spatio-temporal databases is both feasible and easy to apprehend. While providing a firm basis through extensive discussion of traditional data modeling concepts, the major focus of the book is on modeling spatial and temporal information. Parent, Spaccapietra and Zimányi provide a detailed and comprehensive description of an approach that fills the gap between application conceptual requirements and system capabilities, covering both data modeling and data manipulation features. The ideas presented summarize several years of research on the characteristics and description of space, time, and perception. In addition to the authors' own data modeling approach, MADS (Modeling of Application Data with Spatio-temporal features), the book also surveys alternative data models and approaches (from industry and academia) that target support of spatio-temporal modeling.
The reader will acquire intimate knowledge of both the traditional and innovative features that form a consistent data modeling approach. Visual notations and examples are employed extensively to illustrate the use of the various constructs. Therefore, this book is of major importance and interest to advanced professionals, researchers, and graduate or post-graduate students in the areas of spatio-temporal databases and geographical information systems.
- Christine Parent, Stefano Spaccapietra and Esteban Zimányi
- 2006-12-01, Springer