Open Source GIS: A GRASS GIS Approach (third edition)
With this third edition of Open Source GIS: A GRASS GIS Approach, we enter the new era of GRASS6, the first release that includes a substantial new code developed by the International GRASS Development Team. The dramatic growth in open source software libraries has made the GRASS6 development more efficient, and has enhanced GRASS interoperability with a wide range of open source and proprietary geospatial tools.
Thoroughly updated with new material relating to the new GRASS6, the third edition includes new sections covering database management working with attributes and SQL, reflecting the substantial extension of GRASS capabilities for managing attributes stored in various database systems. The new edition also provides an overview of the new graphical user interfaces that users can choose when working with GRASS.
Open Source GIS: A GRASS GIS Approach (third edition) preserves the continuity of previous editions by keeping most of the book’s structure unchanged, and continues to target a professional audience composed of researchers and practitioners in government and industry.
- Markus Neteler and Helena Mitasova
- 2007-04-01, Springer
Spatial Interpolation for Climate Data: The Use of GIS in Climatology and Meterology
This book is made up of a selection of papers presented during the COST European program “The use of GIS in climatology and meteorology” in which members of 20 countries participated. It focuses on applications of geographic software and data to interpolate climate and meteorology parameters and is divided into four parts:
1. GIS for climatology and meteorology.
2. Spatial interpolation of climate parameters.
3. Some demo projects of national meteorology institutes.
4. Meteorology and climatology for some environmental problems.
- Hartwig Dobesch, Pierre Dumolard and Izabela Dyras (Editors)
- 2007-03-01, Hermes Science Publishing (iSTE)
GIS Applications in Agriculture, Volume One
GIS Applications in Agriculture examines ways that this powerful technology can help farmers produce a greater abundance of crops with more efficiency and at lower costs. Each chapter describes the nature of a problem, examines the purpose and scope of a GIS application, presents the methods used to develop the application, provides results, and offers a conclusion as well as supporting information. When appropriate, it presents the underlying statistical approach for the GIS software that is used. This text also includes a CD-ROM that features data sets and the full color maps produced by the use of GIS.
- Francis J. Pierce and David Clay
- 2007-02-12, Taylor & Francis
Geospatial Analysis: A Comprehensive Guide to Principles, Techniques and Software Tools
This Guide addresses the full spectrum of spatial analysis and associated modelling techniques that are provided within currently available and widely used geographic information systems (GIS) and associated software. Collectively such techniques and tools are often now described as geospatial analysis, although we use the more common form, spatial analysis, in most of our discussions. The objective is to be comprehensive both in terms of concepts and techniques (but not necessarily exhaustive), representative and independent in terms of software tools, and above all practical in terms of application and implementation. However, we believe that it is no longer appropriate to think of a standard, discipline specific textbook as capable of satisfying every kind of new user need. Accordingly, an innovative feature of our approach here is the range of formats, channels and releases that we propose to disseminate the material.
The interactive web version of this Guide may be accessed via the associated Internet site: www.spatialanalysisonline.com. The contents and sample sections of the PDF version may also be accessed from this site. In both cases the contents are regularly updated. Because print versions of the Guide may be made in colour or black and white/greyscale, references to colours in the text are augmented by greyscale equivalents. Readers are recommended to refer to the associated web site and/or the PDF version of the Guide for full colour details.
The Internet is now well established as society’s principal mode of information exchange, and most aspiring GIS users are accustomed to searching for material that can easily be customised to specific needs. Our objective for such users is to provide an independent, reliable and authoritative first port of call for conceptual, technical, software and applications material that addresses the panoply of new user requirements.
Readers wishing to obtain a more in-depth understanding of the background to many of the topics covered in this Guide should review the “Suggested reading” topic (Section 1.2.3). Those seeking examples of software tools that might be used for geospatial analysis should refer to the “Sample software products” topic (Section 184.108.40.206) and related discussions throughout this Guide.
Applications are the driving force behind GIS, and many are illustrated in Longley, Goodchild, Maguire and Rhind ( Chapter 2, “A gallery of applications”). In a similar vein the web site provides companion material for this Guide focusing on applications. One of the first of these will be the London GIS Casebook — a series of sector‑specific case studies drawing on recent work in and around London. These include details of a range of applications from the fields of: Health and Welfare; Emergency and Security Management; Environmental Engineering and Planning; Education; Enterprise Development; and Retailing, amongst others.
- Michael J de Smith, Michael F. Goodchild and Paul Longley
- 2007-01-14, The Winchelsea Press
Information Technology and Evidence-Based Social Work Practice
Learn to use the latest technological advances in evidence-based social work
Social work practice can be positively or negatively impacted by the advance of technology. Advances and applications must be up-to-date as possible, yet they may be ineffective if not simple enough to easily learn and use. Information Technology and Evidence-Based Social Work presents leading social work experts exploring the latest technological advances and the innovative practical applications which can be used effectively in evidence-based social work. Students and practitioners get creative practical advice on how best understand technology and apply it to their work.
Information Technology and Evidence-Based Social Work is divided into four sections. The first section provides the context for understanding the technological link between social work and evidence-based practice. The second section presents examples of how information technology can be used to effectively teach students and practitioners in the field. Section three explores ways to implement technology for use by clients. The fourth section summarizes and then takes a look at the future of technology in evidence-based social work. Chapters include questions for practitioners and for clients to illuminate the current and future issues surrounding technology and evidence-based practice. The text also includes extensive references, and useful tables and figures.
Topics in Information Technology and Evidence-Based Social Work include:
* the impact of technology on social work
* computer-assisted evidence-based practice
* customized web-based technology and its use in clinical supervision
* enhanced technology-based evidence-based practice model and its applicability to large human service organizations.
* using information technology to provide evidence for planning and evaluating programs
* using technology in advocacy
* the geographic information system (GIS) as a useful tool in all aspects of programs and policies
* evaluating practice through information technology
* the development and evaluation of an online social work service
* psychotherapeutic group intervention for family caregivers over the Internet
* support group online chat
* a case study of how Internet chat group technology can be implemented with cancer survivors
* technology as a service learning mechanism for promoting positive youth development in a community-based setting
* a model which can be used to collect information and—by using best evidence available—arrive at a confident decision
* and more!
Information Technology and Evidence-Based Social Work is timely, stimulating reading for educators, undergraduate students, graduate students, and practitioners in the fields of social work, psychology, and public administration.
- Judith Dunlop and Michael J Holosko (Editors)
- 2007-01-03, Taylor & Francis
Archaeological Surveying and Mapping: Recording and Depicting the Landscape
This is a comprehensive and practical guide to surveying for archaeologists, with clear instructions in, archaeological mapping, recording field work and detailed case studies from the UK, Europe and the US. Phil Howard provides a user's guide to methods and instruments of surveying to enable archaeologists to represent their own fieldwork confidently and independently. "Archaeological Surveying" is an invaluable resource which also includes: beginner's instructions to software used in computerised surveying, including IntelliCAD 2000, Map Maker, Arc Explorer and TNT Lite; other surveying instruments such as GPS, electronic distance measures, theodolites and magnetic compasses; and, uses of information technology and free or low-cost software. This textbook is an essential read for any field archaeologists who are in need of an introduction to surveying, or simply wish to update their techniques.
- Philip Howard
- 2007-01-01, Routledge
Digital Terrain Modelling
This publication is the first book on the development and application of digital terrain modelling for regional planning and policy support. It is a compilation of research results by international research groups at the European Commission's Joint Research Centre providing scientific support to the development and implementation of EU environmental policy. Applications include the pan-European River and Catchment Database, European Flood Alert System, European Digital Soil Database and alternative solar energy resources, all discussed in a GIS framework in the context of the INfrastructure for SPatial InfoRmation in Europe (INSPIRE). This practice-oriented book is recommended to practicing environmental modellers and GIS experts working on regional planning and policy support applications.
- Robert J. Peckham and Jordan Gyozo (Editors)
- 2007-01-01, Springer
Visualization of Digital Terrain and Landscape Data
This book approaches the visualization of digital terrain and landscape data by means of clear and practical examples. From data provision and the creation of revealing analyses to realistic depictions for presentation purposes, the reader is led through the world of digital 3-D graphics.
Combining deep knowledge of the scientific fundamentals and many years of experience in 3-D visualization, the authors lead readers through a complex subject dynamically and shed light on previously murky virtual landscapes. Material on aata evaluation and analysis, modelling, camera work and lighting, as well as the correct depiction of natural phenomena, atmospherical effects, and many tips for optimisation make the book a valuable guide to a fascinating subject.
- Ruediger Mach, Peter Petschek and Stephen Ervin
- 2007-01-01, Springer
Conceptual Modeling for Traditional and Spatio-Temporal Applications: The MADS Approach
From environmental management to land planning and geo-marketing, the number of application domains that may greatly benefit from using data enriched with spatio-temporal features is expanding very rapidly. Unfortunately, development of new spatio-temporal applications is hampered by the lack of conceptual design methods suited to cope with the additional complexity of spatio-temporal data. This complexity is obviously due to the particular semantics of space and time, but also to the need for multiple representations of the same reality to address the diversity of requirements from highly heterogeneous user communities. Conceptual design methods are also needed to facilitate the exchange and reuse of existing data sets, a must in geographical data management due to the high collection costs of the data. Yet, current practice in areas like geographical information systems or moving objects databases does not include conceptual design methods very well, if at all.
This book shows that a conceptual design approach for spatio-temporal databases is both feasible and easy to apprehend. While providing a firm basis through extensive discussion of traditional data modeling concepts, the major focus of the book is on modeling spatial and temporal information. Parent, Spaccapietra and Zimányi provide a detailed and comprehensive description of an approach that fills the gap between application conceptual requirements and system capabilities, covering both data modeling and data manipulation features. The ideas presented summarize several years of research on the characteristics and description of space, time, and perception. In addition to the authors' own data modeling approach, MADS (Modeling of Application Data with Spatio-temporal features), the book also surveys alternative data models and approaches (from industry and academia) that target support of spatio-temporal modeling.
The reader will acquire intimate knowledge of both the traditional and innovative features that form a consistent data modeling approach. Visual notations and examples are employed extensively to illustrate the use of the various constructs. Therefore, this book is of major importance and interest to advanced professionals, researchers, and graduate or post-graduate students in the areas of spatio-temporal databases and geographical information systems.
- Christine Parent, Stefano Spaccapietra and Esteban Zimányi
- 2006-12-01, Springer
Digital Soil Mapping
The book compiles the main ideas and methodologies that have been proposed and tested within these last fifteen years in the field of Digital Soil Mapping (DSM). Begining with current experiences of soil information system developments in various regions of the world, this volume presents states of the art of different topics covered by DSM: Conception and handling of soil databases, sampling methods, new soil spatial covariates, Quantitative spatial modelling, Quality assessment and representation of DSM outputs. This book provides a solid support to students, researchers and engineers interested in modernising soil survey approaches with numerical techniques. It is also of great interest for potential soil data users.
- Philippe Lagacherie, Alex McBratney and Marc Voltz
- 2006-12-01, Elsevier