Land Change Science in the Tropics: Changing Agricultural Landscapes
Land use and land-cover change research over the past decade has focused mainly on contemporary primary land-cover conversions in the tropics and sub-tropics, with considerable resources dedicated to the explanation and prediction of tropical deforestation and often ignoring the dynamism in the world’s agro-pastoral landscapes. This collection integrates cutting-edge research in the social, biogeophysical, and geographical information sciences to understand the human and environmental dynamics that change the type, magnitude and location of land uses and land covers in the changing countryside. Our contributors are from across the globe and draw on diverse empirical pan-tropical case studies and disciplinary influences. The research reported examines land-use and land-cover change in Bolivia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Côte d’Ivoire, India, Malawi, Mexico, Pakistan, Peru, Senegal and Thailand. Each chapter in this book advances one of three themes: (i) adaptations and change in settled agricultural zones, (ii) agricultural intensification, and (iii) markets and institutions. This book describes the monitoring of land-cover changes, explains the processes through which land is altered, and describes the development of spatially-explicit models to predict land change. This book illustrates how practitioners have integrated knowledge from the three scientific realms - social, biophysical, and GIScience - that underpin land-change science.
- Andrew Millington and Wendy Jepson (Editors)
- 2008-09-01, Springer
Land Use Change: Science, Policy and Management
Changes in the use of land reflect a variety of environmental and social factors, necessitating an equally varied suite of data to be used for effective analysis. While remote sensing, both from satellites and air photos, provides a central resource for study, socio-economic surveys, censuses, and map sources also supply a wealth of valid information. Land Use Change: Science, Policy, and Management presents spatial theories and methodologies that support an integrated approach to the analysis of land use change. Focusing on spatial representation and modeling, this book addresses such important scientific issues as the dynamics of change, integration and feedback between system elements, and scale issues in space and time.
- Richard J. Aspinall and Michael J. Hill
- 2007-12-14, Taylor & Francis
Landscape Analysis and Visualisation: Spatial Models for Natural Resource Management and Planning
This book showcases a wide range of innovative landscape analysis and visualization techniques as used in a number of applied natural resource management and central planning problems. It includes papers ranging from a number of areas including: (i) natural resource knowledge management, (ii) ecological modelling, (iii) landscape visualization, (iv) NRM policy and investment, (v) land use change and scenario modelling, (vi) farm to catchment tools, and (vii) social, economic, environmental indicators and landscapes. It aims to provide readers with a better understanding of available frameworks spatial models and tools currently applied when addressing critical land use issues such as urban sprawl, climate change, salinity, biodiverstiy, and changing landscapes, from both the socio-economic and the biophysical angle.
- C. Pettit, W. Cartwright, I. Bishop, K. Lowell, D. Pullar and D. Duncan (Editors)
- 2008-06-01, Springer
Landscape Analysis using Geospatial Tools
The subject of Landscape Analysis using Geospatial Tools is the combination of geospatial tools such as remote sensing, geographic information systems (GIS), Global Positioning System (GPS), geostatistics and geovisualization (e.g., 3D displays, fly throughs, annimation) to analyze landscapes, assess human impacts on earth resources, visualize changes over time and conduct research in landscape ecology.
This book truly bridges two broad disciplines, ecology and geography. More specifically, it integrates research and techniques in landscape ecology and geographic information science (GISci) which, in turn, encompasses GIS, remote sensing, GPS, spatial statistics and geovisualization. It is anticipated that this publication will be of interest to a wide audience. Case studies highlight the use of geospatial tools to assess the ecological impacts of human activities and assist in decision making for managers and policy makers.
- Marguerite Madden (Editor)
- 2012-09-30, Springer
Landscape Archaeology and GIS
It is structured around principal themes in landscape archaeology, from desk-based assessment, data collection, data modelling and landscape analysis, right through to archiving and publication. This is the first book on GIS to focus specifically on landscape archaeology that is accessible to a wide readership. The work is extensively illustrated.
- Henry Chapman
- 2006-08-01, Tempus Publishing
Landscape Ecology and Geographical Information Systems
Landscape ecology focuses on the way in which a range of processes interact, and provides a framework to facilitate the understanding of human impact on the environment and the development of suitable management strategies. This book describes some of the developments and applications of geographic information systems GIS - including aerial photographic and satellite remote sensing to landscape ecology. This includes applications to vegetation, animals and hydrology at a variety of different scales. Contributions from an international group of researchers who have used GIS in different ways to monitor, map and model changes in our environment at the landscape level. This collection of papers demonstrates the value of GIS technology through its operational applications to landscape ecology. It is an introduction to a rapidly developing area of applying new technologies.
- Roy Haines-Young, David Green and Stephen Cousi
- 1994-03-31, Taylor & Francis
Learning Geospatial Analysis with Python
This is a great book for those looking to master GIS and Remote Sensing analysis using Python. It uses easy to follow tutorials.
- Construct applications for GIS development by exploiting Python
- Focuses on built-in Python modules and libraries compatible with the Python Packaging Index distribution system – no compiling of C libraries necessary
- This is a practical, hands-on tutorial that teaches you all about Geospatial analysis in Python
Cost: £16 eBook £31 - Print + eBook
- Joel Lawhead
- 2013-10-10, PAKT
Learning Science Through the Innovative Use of Geospatial Technologies: Designing Effective Learning Tools and Programs for K-16 Settings
The extraordinary gains in computer performance over the past two decades have been paralleled by a related growth in geospatial applications. An important reason for this proliferation is that these tools provide a convenient framework for multidisciplinary analysis and synthesis of data in environmental science, earth science, and the social sciences in particular. The value of geospatial technology for learning is not new, as for more than a decade, educators have recognized the promise of geographic geospatial technologies to support learning through inquiry across the social and natural sciences. However, only recently with the rise of easier to use geospatial technologies such as Google Earth and similar resources have educators been able to critically examine how geospatial technologies can support students in learning. In fact, the nature of geospatial technologies with its ability to allow users to examine and visualize large data sets and to discern patterns from those data presents an excellent opportunity to better understand how educators can support students in higher level thinking skills.
Now is the time for a summation of this rapidly emerging field as there has been significant work examining the learning impacts of having students use geospatial technologies that is either happening now or has just reached completion. This edited book will serve to define the field of learning environment design for teaching science using geospatial technology. As such, it will identify short term and long term objectives for science, environmental, and geography educators involved in these efforts. Further, this book will be complementary to MaKinster, Trautmann, and Barnett’s book Teaching Science and Investigating Environmental Issues with Geospatial Technology: Designing Effective Professional Development for Teachers. Whereas MaKinster’s et al. book focuses on teacher professional development, this book will focus strictly on student learning outcomes and the design of geospatial environments for K-16 students. As a result, this book will provide a framework for future projects and research on learning in K-16 settings.
- Michael Barnett, James MaKinster and Nancy Trautmann
- 2012-08-31, Springer
Local Models for Spatial Analysis
With the development and application of local models now a major focus in research, Local Models for Spatial Analysis provides an overview of various approaches that have been developed and employed within Geographical Information Science. This book presents an introduction for users of GIS to the principles and applications of some widely used local models for the analysis of spatial data. Representative of methods being developed in geography and cognate disciplines, it discusses some techniques that are standard within GISystems and some unlikely to enter widespread use in the GIS community. It includes applications based on data representing various physical properties to illustrate the methods.
- Christopher D. Lloyd
- 2006-10-23, Taylor & Francis
Local Models for Spatial Analysis, Second Edition
Written in recognition of developments in spatial data analysis that focused on differences between places, the first edition of Local Models for Spatial Analysis broke new ground with its focus on local modelling methods. Reflecting the continued growth and increased interest in this area, the second edition describes a wide range of methods which account for local variations in geographical properties.
New in the Second Edition:
* Additional material on geographically-weighted statistics and local regression approaches
* A better overview of local models with reference to recent critical reviews about the subject area
* Expanded coverage of individual methods and connections between them
* Chapters have been restructured to clarify the distinction between global and local methods
* A new section in each chapter references key studies or other accounts that support the book
* Selected resources provided online to support learning
An introduction to the methods and their underlying concepts, the book uses worked examples and case studies to demonstrate how the algorithms work their practical utility and range of application. It provides an overview of a range of different approaches that have been developed and employed within Geographical Information Science (GIScience). Starting with first principles, the author introduces users of GISystems to the principles and application of some widely used local models for the analysis of spatial data, including methods being developed and employed in geography and cognate disciplines. He discusses the relevant software packages that can aid their implementation and provides a summary list in Appendix A.
Presenting examples from a variety of disciplines, the book demonstrates the importance of local models for all who make use of spatial data. Taking a problem driven approach, it provides extensive guidance on the selection and application of local models.
- Christopher Lloyd
- 2010-10-13, Taylor & Francis