Infectious Diseases: A Geographical Analysis
The last four decades of human history have seen the emergence of an unprecedented number of 'new' infectious diseases: the familiar roll call includes AIDS, Ebola, H5N1 influenza, hantavirus, hepatitis E, Lassa fever, legionnaires' and Lyme diseases, Marburg fever, Rift Valley fever, SARS, and West Nile. The outbreaks range in scale from global pandemics that have brought death and misery to millions, through to self-limiting outbreaks of mainly local impact. Some outbreaks have erupted explosively but have already faded away; some grumble along or continue to devastate as now persistent features in the medical lexicon; in others, a huge potential threat hangs uncertainly and worryingly in the air. Some outbreaks are merely local, others are worldwide.
This book looks at the epidemiological and geographical conditions which underpin disease emergence. What are the processes which lead to emergence? Why now in human history? Where do such diseases emerge and how do they spread or fail to spread around the globe? What is the armoury of surveillance and control measures that may curb the impact of such diseases? But, uniquely, it sets these questions on the modern period of disease emergence in an historical context. First, it uses the historical record to set recent events against a much broader temporal canvas, finding emergence to be a constant theme in disease history rather than one confined to recent decades. It concludes that it is the quantitative pace of emergence, rather than its intrinsic nature, that separates the present period from earlier centuries. Second, it looks at the spatial and ecological setting of emergence, using hundreds of specially-drawn maps to chart the source areas of new diseases and the pathways of their spread.
The book is divided into three main sections: Part 1 looks at early disease emergence, Part 2 at the processes of disease emergence, and Part 3 at the future for emergent diseases.
- A. D. Cliff, M.R. Smallman-Raynor, P. Haggett, D.F. Stroup and S.B. Thacker
- 2009-07-30, Oxford University Press
Information Fusion and Geographic Information Systems: Proceedings of the Third International Workshop
Workshop Proceedings introduce research results received in the areas of information integration, development of GIS and GIS-applications for a wide spectrum of information systems varying considerably in purpose and scale. The new class of GIS - intelligent GIS - is considered, including principles of their building and programming technologies. Special attention is drawn to ontologies’ development and their use in GIS and GIS-applications.
- Vasily Popovich, Manfred Schrenk and Kyrill Korolenko (Editors)
- 2007-04-01, Springer
Information Technology and Evidence-Based Social Work Practice
Learn to use the latest technological advances in evidence-based social work
Social work practice can be positively or negatively impacted by the advance of technology. Advances and applications must be up-to-date as possible, yet they may be ineffective if not simple enough to easily learn and use. Information Technology and Evidence-Based Social Work presents leading social work experts exploring the latest technological advances and the innovative practical applications which can be used effectively in evidence-based social work. Students and practitioners get creative practical advice on how best understand technology and apply it to their work.
Information Technology and Evidence-Based Social Work is divided into four sections. The first section provides the context for understanding the technological link between social work and evidence-based practice. The second section presents examples of how information technology can be used to effectively teach students and practitioners in the field. Section three explores ways to implement technology for use by clients. The fourth section summarizes and then takes a look at the future of technology in evidence-based social work. Chapters include questions for practitioners and for clients to illuminate the current and future issues surrounding technology and evidence-based practice. The text also includes extensive references, and useful tables and figures.
Topics in Information Technology and Evidence-Based Social Work include:
* the impact of technology on social work
* computer-assisted evidence-based practice
* customized web-based technology and its use in clinical supervision
* enhanced technology-based evidence-based practice model and its applicability to large human service organizations.
* using information technology to provide evidence for planning and evaluating programs
* using technology in advocacy
* the geographic information system (GIS) as a useful tool in all aspects of programs and policies
* evaluating practice through information technology
* the development and evaluation of an online social work service
* psychotherapeutic group intervention for family caregivers over the Internet
* support group online chat
* a case study of how Internet chat group technology can be implemented with cancer survivors
* technology as a service learning mechanism for promoting positive youth development in a community-based setting
* a model which can be used to collect information and—by using best evidence available—arrive at a confident decision
* and more!
Information Technology and Evidence-Based Social Work is timely, stimulating reading for educators, undergraduate students, graduate students, and practitioners in the fields of social work, psychology, and public administration.
- Judith Dunlop and Michael J Holosko (Editors)
- 2007-01-03, Taylor & Francis
Innovations in 3D Geoinformation Science
This book covers various aspects of spatial data modelling specifically regarding three-dimensional (3D) modelling and structuring. The realization of "true" 3D geoinformation spatial systems requires a high input, and the developmental process is taking place in various research centers and universities around the globe. The development of such systems and solutions, including the modelling theories are presented in this book. Furthermore, several applications of the 3D geoinformation systems are also highlighted. Innovations in 3D Geoinformation Systems is intended for various geoinformation-related professionals such as GIS engineers, photogrammetrists, land surveyors, mapping specialists, and researchers, as well as for postgraduate students and lecturers.
- Alias Abdul-Rahman, Sisi Zlatanova and Volker Coors (Editors)
- 2006-08-01, Springer
Intelligent Positioning: GIS-GPS Unification
GIS and GPS integration is happening in research and commercial activities worldwide, however this is the first GIS-GPS integration book to look at applications that combine GIS and GPS to provide one solution. It begins by providing readers with technical overviews of GPS and GIS and their integration, and then focuses on a selection of R&D activities in applications ranging from intelligent transport systems to real time location based tourist information systems.
*Provides overview chapters on GIS, GPS and GIS-GPS integration for readers who are less familiar with either system.
*Based on the authors' own research and development activities in both the UK and the US.
*Includes case studies in each chapter to illustrate how research support can lead to end-product/commercial activities.
- George Taylor and Geoff Blewitt
- 2006-04-01, Wiley
Intelligent Systems for Crisis Management
There have been major advances in technologies to support crisis response in the last few years. However, many aspects related to the efficient collection and integration of geo-information, applied semantics and situation awareness for disaster management are still open. To advance the systems and make them intelligent, an extensive collaboration is required between emergency responders, disaster managers, system designers and researchers. To facilitate this process the Geo-information for Disaster Management (Gi4DM) conference has been organized since 2005. Gi4DM is coordinated by the Joint Board of Geospatial Information Societies (JB GIS) and the ad-hoc Committee on Risk and Disaster Management. This volume presents the results of the Gi4DM 2012 conference, held in Enschede, the Netherlands, on 13-15 December . It contains a selection of around 30 scientific and 25 best-practice peer-reviewed papers. The 2012 Gi4DM focuses on the intelligent use of geo-information, semantics and situation awareness.
- Zlatanova, S.; Peters, R.; Dilo, A.; Scholten, H
- 2013-04-01, Springer
Introduction to 3D Data: Modeling with ArcGIS 3D Analyst and Google Earth
Written as a self-study workbook, Introduction to 3D Data demystifies the sometimes confusing controls and procedures required for 3D modeling using software packages such as ArcGIS 3D Analyst and Google Earth.
Going beyond the manual that comes with the software, this profusely illustrated guide explains how to use ESRI’s ArcGIS 3D Analyst to model and analyze three-dimensional geographical surfaces, create 3D data, and produce displays ranging from topographically realistic maps to 3D scenes and spherical earth-like views. The engagingly user-friendly instruction:
• Walks you through basic concepts of 3D data, progressing to more advanced techniques such as calculating surface area and volume
• Introduces you to two major software packages: ArcGIS 3D Analyst (including ArcScene and ArcGlobe) and Google Earth
• Reinforces your understanding through in-depth discussions with over thirty hands-on exercises and tutorial datasets on the support website at www.wiley/college/kennedy
• Helps you apply the theory with real-world applications
Whether you’re a student or professional in geology, landscape architecture, transportation system planning, hydrology, or a related field, Introduction to 3D Data will quickly turn you into a power user of 3D GIS.
- Heather Kennedy
- 2009-07-01, Wiley
Introduction to GIS for the Petroleum Industry
Geographical Information Systems (GIS) provide a natural fit for the petroleum industry. Almost all petroleum operations can be geospatially defined then linked to GPS, aerial photographs, remote sensing, tabular data sets, and other real-time and historical information flows. In addition, the implementation of GIS can reduce costs associated with redundancy, standardization, data management, and information automation. Beginning with the well prospect and ending at the gas pump, petroleum professionals involved in upstream, midstream, and downstream activities can use GIS for site selection, cross-functional and organizational communications, and economic and market analysis. This introduction outlines the fundamentals of GIS and how it can be used in the petroleum industry. Using nontechnical language, Gaddy explores how to plan, implement, and operate a GIS program.
- Dean Gaddy
- 2003-09-01, PenWell Books
Islamic Area Studies with Geographical Information Systems
In this volume the contributors use Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to reassess both historic and contemporary Asian countries and traditionally Islamic areas. This highly illustrated and comprehensive work highlights how GIS can be applied to the social sciences. With its description of how to process, construct and manage geographical data the book is ideal for the non-specialist looking for a new and refreshing way to approach Islamic area studies.
- Atsuyuki Okabe
- 2004-05-01, Routledge
Land and Landscape in Nineteenth-Century Ireland
This collection in the Nineteenth-Century Ireland Series focuses on the ways in which visitors to Ireland, but also the Irish themselves, and the viewed Irish land and landscape.
- Glenn Hooper and Úna Ní Bhroiméil
- 2008-04-01, Four Courts Press