Geospatial Tools for Urban Water Resources
* Examines the application of geotechniques to address a wide range of issues facing urban water resources.
* Focuses on the development and implementation of GIS and remote sensing tools.
* Discusses case studies from a range of urban environments and international locations.
* Provides a state-of-the-art assessment of how emerging new methods, data, and analytical approaches are being applied to manage water resources in urban areas.
This book examines the application of geotechniques to address a wide range of issues facing urban water resources. Growing populations leading to urbanization and related development have lead to problems associated with water quality, storm water management, flood control, environmental health, and related ecosystem impacts. Major cities and other urban areas are facing challenges in addressing the implications of impacts to water resources. Recent innovations in geotechnologies, including Geographic Information Science (GIS), remote sensing, and other spatial tools and techniques, provide great opportunities and potential to assist in dealing with these problems.
This volume provides a series of case studies that examine the application of new methods and approaches in a range of geotechnologies as utilized to better understand and resolve urban water resource concerns in communities throughout the world. Computer based mapping, spatial analysis, satellite imagery, decision support systems, web based applications, aerial photography, and other methods are highlighted by their development and application. The research presented in this volume will provide for an excellent source of knowledge and learning to assist professionals, experts, and students with a better understanding of how the use of geotechnologies can be used to assist urban communities to address water resource challenges.
- Patrick L. Lawrence (Editor)
- 2012-09-04, Springer
Bayesian Disease Mapping
- Provides an overview of Bayesian modeling and computation for disease mapping
- Covers disease map reconstruction, disease cluster detection, multi-scale disease mapping, and more
- Presents detailed case studies
- Implements examples using R and WinBUGS
In line with the recent growth of Bayesian methods applied to the modeling of geo-referenced health data, Bayesian Disease Mapping presents a practical overview of Bayesian modeling and computation in disease mapping. It covers various application areas, including disease map reconstruction, disease cluster detection, multi-scale disease mapping, spatio-temporal models, spatial survival analysis, spatial longitudinal analysis, and latent structure models. The book features a wide range of detailed case studies to illustrate how the methods can be applied. The author implements all examples using R and WinBUGS and provides additional code and datasets available for download on the web.
- Andrew B. Lawson
- 2008-08-05, Taylor & Francis
Statistical Analysis of Geographic Information with ArcView GIS And ArcGIS
Statistical Analysis and Modeling of Geographic Information with ArcView GIS is an update to Lee and Wong's Statistical Analysis with ArcView GIS, featuring expanded coverage of classical statistical methods, probability and statistical testing, new student exercises to facilitate classroom use, new exercises featuring interactive ArcView Avenue scripts, and a new overview of compatible spatial analytical functions in ArcGIS 9.0.
- David W. S. Wong and Jay Lee
- 2005-11-01, Wiley
Geographic Information Systems and Public Health: Eliminating Perinatal Disparity
Geographic Information Systems and Public Health: Eliminating Perinatal Disparity is designed to introduce a community health group to the potential of using a Geographic Information System to improve birth outcomes. The book is aimed at novice to intermediate level GIS users, though even advanced researchers will gain from the detailed health examples. Chapters in this book provide an overview of why geography is important in the investigation of health, the importance of the four main components of a GIS (data input, manipulation, analysis and visualization), how important neighborhood context is when using a GIS, and the general differences found between urban and rural health environments. In addition, the reader is introduced to the importance of GIS and confidentially, how a mobile urban population may impact GIS findings, and why pregnant mothers should catered for when making disaster response plans. Examples are drawn heavily from the Baton Rouge Healthy Start program, with one chapter providing an overview guide as to how GIS can be incorporated in the initial grant writing stage for such a program.
- Andrew Curtis and Michael Leitner
- 2005-12-30, Idea Group Publishing
Advances in Mobile Mapping Technology: ISPRS Series, volume 4
The growing market penetration of Internet mapping, satellite imaging and personal navigation has opened up great research and business opportunities to geospatial communities. Multi-platform and multi-sensor integrated mapping technology has clearly established a trend towards fast geospatial data acquisition. Sensors can be mounted on various platforms, such as satellites, aircrafts or helicopters, terrestrial vehicles, water-based vessels, and may even be hand-carried by individuals. Mobile mapping refers to a means of collecting geospatial data using mapping sensors mounted on a mobile platform. Its development was primarily driven by the advances in digital imaging and direct-georeferencing technologies. With the escalating use of telecommunication networks and the increasing availability of low-cost and portable sensors, mobile mapping has become more dynamic, and even pervasive. The book addresses a wide variety of research issues in the mobile mapping community, ranging from system development to sensor integration, imaging algorithms and mobile GIS applications. This book will provide researchers and practitioners a good overall view of what is being developed in this topical area.
- C. Vincent Tao and Jonathan Li (Editors)
- 2007-08-02, Taylor & Francis
Location-Based Services and Geo-Information Engineering
Location-Based Services are being embraced by the GIS community because spatial positioning and the delivery of location specific information are central to the technology and services it offers. Many organisations – public and private sector alike – are keen to benefit from LBS by providing relevant or related services in their own business sector, but there exists no text that explains the technicalities involved with LBS and geo-information engineering - until now.
Location-Based Services and Geo-Information Engineering begins by setting the scene for LBS and the reasons for its advent, and continues to explain the convergent technologies that make LBS possible. There ensues a discussion of the different approaches and uses of LBS in the USA, Japan and Europe; a profile of the techniques available for locating the LBS user and how his spatial queries are answered; an analysis of the various ways of communicating LBS (e.g. map, text, voice) and a concluding discussion of ethics, privacy and legal issues. Global examples and applications in a boxed format are included in each chapter.
Clearly and concisely written with geographic and technological jargon explained so as to appeal to the business professional, Location-Based Services and Geo-Information Engineering is the definitive guide to LBS and geographic information for professionals and students alike.
- Allan Brimicombe and Chao Li
- 2009-04-01, Wiley
Noise Mapping in the EU: Models and Procedures
Protecting citizens from high noise levels and preserving quiet areas in the urban environment is a key issue for the European Community. Noise mapping is the first tool for assessing noise exposure, communicating information to citizens, and defining effective action plans. Indeed, strategic noise maps are now required for all population centres of more than 250,000 inhabitants and for major roads, railways and airports, and strategic noise maps are now becoming required for urban areas with over 100,000 people.
This comprehensive reference guide for technicians and acoustics consultants shows how to integrate data with geographical information systems, improve accuracy in model and prediction software, and assess different methods and descriptors for evaluating annoyance and noise exposure. It provides guidance on regulations, communication processes for citizens involved in decision making, physical aspects, and application. Different chapters are written by European experts from a range of research institutes, companies and environmental agencies.
- Gaetano Licitra
- 2012-08-24, Taylor & Francis
Modelling Urban Development with Geographical Information Systems and Cellular Automata
Urban development and the migration from rural to urban areas are significant global phenomena. Various models aim to address these issues, especially cellular automata models. This book presents a simulation model of urban development based on cellular automata principles and provides theoretical context. The first part of the text supplies a practical review of modeling techniques in urban development research and develops a cellular automaton model incorporating fuzzy set and fuzzy logic approaches.
The second part of the text implements this model in a GIS environment to simulate the process of urban development as applied to the metropolitan area of Sydney, Australia.
- Yan Liu
- 2008-12-05, Taylor & Francis
Local Models for Spatial Analysis, Second Edition
Written in recognition of developments in spatial data analysis that focused on differences between places, the first edition of Local Models for Spatial Analysis broke new ground with its focus on local modelling methods. Reflecting the continued growth and increased interest in this area, the second edition describes a wide range of methods which account for local variations in geographical properties.
New in the Second Edition:
- Additional material on geographically-weighted statistics and local regression approaches
- A better overview of local models with reference to recent critical reviews about the subject area
- Expanded coverage of individual methods and connections between them
- Chapters have been restructured to clarify the distinction between global and local methods
- A new section in each chapter references key studies or other accounts that support the book
- Selected resources provided online to support learning
An introduction to the methods and their underlying concepts, the book uses worked examples and case studies to demonstrate how the algorithms work their practical utility and range of application. It provides an overview of a range of different approaches that have been developed and employed within Geographical Information Science (GIScience). Starting with first principles, the author introduces users of GISystems to the principles and application of some widely used local models for the analysis of spatial data, including methods being developed and employed in geography and cognate disciplines. He discusses the relevant software packages that can aid their implementation and provides a summary list in Appendix A.
Presenting examples from a variety of disciplines, the book demonstrates the importance of local models for all who make use of spatial data. Taking a problem driven approach, it provides extensive guidance on the selection and application of local models.
- Christopher Lloyd
- 2010-10-13, Taylor & Francis
Using Computers in Archaeology: Towards Virtual Pasts
Today, archaeologists are spending more and more time examining the past with the aid of computers. How does this increased dependence on technology affect the theory and practice of archaeology? Using Computers in Archaeology is the first comprehensive review of computer applications in archaeology from the archaeologist's perspective. The book deals with all aspects of the discipline, from survey and excavation, to museums and education. Discussion covers the theoretical aspects of computer applications, with particular reference to GIS and the analysis of data, but technical jargon is kept to a minimum.
With numerous illustrations, case-studies and examples, Using Computers in Archaeology is a timely introduction to this increasingly important area of archaeology, catering both for the student and the experienced archaeologist.
- Gary Lock
- 2003-03-01, Taylor & Francis