GIS Analysis of Health Disparities: Small Areas, Challenges and Applications
This book establishes a systematic small area approach to the study of health disparities, based on the integration of geospatial databases, census tract geography and GIS. While recognizing the past failures of health care policies to fully address the often egregious disparities within the U.S. and other nations, the opportunity now exists to advance our understanding, imporvement and, perhaps ultimately, elimination of these long-standing imbalances. The contributions of this book are scholarly and original work that incorporate GIS and related spatial analytic methods to pursue issues of health disparity at census tract geography. The objectives of this book are to:
* continue the growing science worldwide on socio-economic and health inequalities
* provide evidence of the pivotal role of small area analysis for GIS and policy makers
* build a valid basis for employing census tract and comparable geographic scale
* demonstrate replicable methods of space-time measurement and GIS visualization
* evaluate strengths and weaknesses of case studies and comparability to one another
* assess future needs for GIS study of inequalities in lower socio-economic groups
- Charles Croner
- 2009-06-01, Springer
GIS and Archaeological Site Location Modelling
Although archaeologists are using GIS technology at an accelerating rate, publication of their work has not kept pace. A state-of-the-art exploration the subject, GIS and Archaeological Site Location Modeling pulls together discussions of theory and methodology, scale, data, quantitative methods, and cultural resource management and uses location models and case studies to illustrate these concepts. This book, written by a distinguished group of international authors, reassesses the practice of predictive modeling as it now exists and examines how it has become useful in new ways.
A guide to spatial procedures used in archaeology, the book provides a comprehensive treatment of predictive modeling. It draws together theoretical models and case studies and explains how modeling may be applied to future projects. The book illustrates the various aspects of academic and practical applications of predictive modeling. It also discusses the need to assess the reliability of the results and the implications of reliability assessment on the further development of predictive models.
Of the books available on GIS, some touch on archaeological applications but few cover the topic in such depth. Both up to date and containing case studies from a wide range of geographical locations including Europe, the USA, and Australia, this book sets a baseline for future developments.
- Provides historical background of views on the development of predictive modeling in archaeology
- Discusses strengths and weaknesses of predictive modeling and how to optimize sampling and analysis techniques
- Identifies the challenges of modern modeling applications in compliance driven cultural-resource management
- Discusses quantitative and methodological issues such as spatial processes, Moran’s I, Geary’s C, and Bayesian statistical methods
- Examines the use of GIS and predictive modeling for archaeological research in compliance with national historic preservation legislation
- Explores practical applications of predictive modeling and GIS
- Mark W Mehrer and Konnie Wescott
- 2005-06-01, Taylor & Francis
GIS and Cartographic Modeling
GIS and Cartographic Modeling is a foundational work in the field of geographic information systems (GIS). An introduction to the concepts, conventions, and capabilities of map algebra as a general language, this book describes the analytical use of raster-based GIS. By focusing on the fundamentals of cartographic modeling techniques, C. Dana Tomlin illustrates concepts that can be applied to any GIS. This publication of GIS and Cartographic Modeling contains updated graphics and a new preface.
- C. Dana Tomlin
- 2012-10-01, ESRI Press
GIS and Crime Mapping
GIS & Crime covers the theoretical principles, data processing solutions, partnership working, analytical methods, problem-solving approaches, and map design for GIS and crime in a manner that underpins GIS application use in three broad areas (operational, tactical and strategic). The book also includes short case studies at relevant sections to help demonstrate how the principles and concepts are essential for successful application development. These case studies bring a richness and depth to the text and draw from the authors’ international contacts and knowledge of excellence in the field to offer a global tone to the book.
- Spencer Chainey and Jerry Ratcliffe
- 2005-05-05, Wiley
GIS and hydraulic modeling
GIS and hydraulic modeling are complementary technologies. By integrating them with each other, water utility companies can reap substantial time and cost savings. A well-designed integration of the two systems provides ready access to mission-critical data. As a result, risk-of-failure analysis, repair and replacement, capacity assessment, capital improvement planning, and numerous other water utility applications run more efficiently and more effectively. Hydraulic Modeling and GIS identifies the challenges that must be navigated and offers best practices for achieving an integration that will be sustainable over the long term.
$12 from ESRI press only at the moment.
- Lori Armstrong
- 2011-10-01, ESRI Press
GIS and Spatial Analysis for the Social Sciences: Coding, Mapping, and Modeling
This is the first book to provide sociologists, criminologists, political scientists, and other social scientists with the methodological logic and techniques for doing spatial analysis in their chosen fields of inquiry. The book contains a wealth of examples as to why these techniques are worth doing, over and above conventional statistical techniques using SPSS or other statistical packages. GIS is a methodological and conceptual approach that allows for the linking together of spatial data, or data that is based on a physical space, with non-spatial data, which can be thought of as any data that contains no direct reference to physical locations.
- Robert Nash Parker and Emily K. Asencio
- 2008-06-01, Taylor & Francis
GIS and Spatial Analysis in Veterinary Science
This book is probably the first to review the subject of geographical information systems (including remote sensing) and spatial analysis as applied to veterinary science. Topics covered include the application of GIS to epidemic disease response, to companion animal epidemiology and to the management of wildlife diseases. There are also chapters on more general issues such as parallels with human health and spatial statistics in the biomedical sciences.
- P. A. Durr and A. C. Gatrell
- 2004-12-01, CABI Publishing
GIS and Spatial Planning in the Public Sector
Part of the Mastering GIS series, this book critically evaluates how GIS is being implemented into different aspects of spatial planning. In bringing together a range of applications from the UK, USA and continental Europe that highlight examples of good and bad practice, GIS for Public Sector Spatial Planning presents professional spatial planners with practical guidance on the successful exploitation of GIS within a public planning organisation. The book is also an invaluable resource for upper-level undergraduate and masters students taking courses in GIS, Planning, Applied Geography and Environmental Management. It discusses the uses of GIS at different operational scales (strategic, tactical, operational) and different spatial scales (national, regional, local).
- Scott Orford, Sean White and Andrea Frank
- 2007-09-01, Wiley
GIS Applications for Water, Wastewater, and Stormwater Systems
GIS Applications for Water, Wastewater, and Stormwater Systems demonstrates that with GIS, the possibilities to map, monitor, model, and maintain (4M) systems are almost endless. With the help of new methods and case studies, this book details how GIS can be used to implement the 4M management strategy in the field of water, wastewater, and stormwater. This in-depth volume elaborates on what kind of software and data are required to develop related GIS applications, and where and how to find these applications. The book includes many case studies, and explains the type of resources that are required to implement GIS-based projects.
- U.M. Shamsi
- 2005-01-01, Taylor & Francis
GIS Applications in Agriculture, Volume 4: Conservation Planning
Using a cross-disciplinary approach to understanding conservation planning in agricultural settings, this book presents recent advances in geospatial techniques that provide land managers with tools and resources to conserve soil and water more efficiently. The text provides information on new technologies that allow for improved prediction of soil erosion and environmental effects; prioritization of land for conservation initiatives and funding; prediction of the impact of management systems and practices on soil and water resources; development and implementation of conservation plans; and accessibility of conservation knowledge and tools.
* Presents a cross-disciplinary approach to understanding conservation planning in agricultural settings using GIS
* Provides introductory as well as intermediate approaches to assess traditional and unique applications of geospatial technologies to real-world conservation planning problems
* Includes information on spatial erosion modeling; land conservation targeting approaches; hydrologic/water quality modeling of management practices; conservation planning; and decision supports for conservation planning
* Contains downloads with interactive software, allowing readers to work through example GIS applications and engage in standard analysis of user-provided data sets
* Uses real-world examples and analytical procedures, as well as hands-on tools for use by professionals active in developing conservation plans
- Tom Mueller and Gretchen Sassenrath and Scott A. Shearer
- 2013-04-25, Taylor & Francis