Digital Soil Mapping with Limited Data
There has been considerable expansion in the use of digital soil mapping technologies and development of methodologies that improve digital soil mapping at all scales and levels of resolution. These developments have occurred in all parts of the world in the past few years and also in countries where it was previously absent. There is almost always a shortage of data in soil research and its applications and this may lead to unsupported statements, poor statistics, misrepresentations and ultimately bad resource management. In digital soil mapping, maximum use is made of sparse data and this book contains useful examples of how this can be done.
This book focuses on digital soil mapping methodologies and applications for areas where data are limited, and has the following sections (i) introductory papers, (ii) dealing with limited spatial data infrastructures, (iii) methodology development, and (iv) examples of digital soil mapping in various parts of the globe (including USA, Brazil, UK, France, Czech Republic, Honduras, Kenya, Australia). The final chapter summarises priorities for digital soil mapping.
- Alfred E. Hartemink, Alex McBratney and Maria de Lourdes Mendonça-Santos (Editors)
- 2008-08-01, Springer
Geography and Drug Addiction
The research in this book on the geographical context of drug addiction contributes to better understanding the etiology of addiction, its diffusion, its interaction with geographically variable environmental, social, and economic factors, and the strategies for its treatment and prevention. This book explores links between geography and drug abuse and identifies research ideas, connections, and research pathways which point to some promising avenues for future work in this area.
The topics explored in Geography and Drug Addiction include:
* Spatial patterns of drug use and addiction
* Linking spatial models with drug abuse research
* Interaction of social and environmental factors with biochemical processes of addiction
* Locational analyses of drug addiction treatment and service delivery facilities
* Neighborhood scale studies of geographic factors (including the built environment) and their interaction with drug addiction, treatment, or prevention
* Use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to better understanding and respond to drug addiction
* Spatial diffusion modeling of addictive drug usage and its changing characteristics, including also predictive modeling
* Social epidemiology and GIS
This book will serve as an excellent resource to geographers and drug abuse researchers, including sociologists, epidemiologists, social scientists in general and public health researchers, both in policy and academia.
- Yonette F. Thomas, Douglas Richardson and Ivan Cheung (Editors)
- 2008-08-01, Springer
Modelling Environmental Dynamics: Advances in Geomatic Solutions
Modelling environmental dynamics is critical to understanding and predicting the evolution of the environment in response to the large number of influences including urbanisation, climate change and deforestation. Simulation and modelling provide support for decision making in environmental management. The first chapter introduces terminology and provides an overview of methodological modelling approaches which may be applied to environmental and complex dynamics. Based on this introduction this book illustrates various models applied to a large variety of themes: deforestation in tropical regions, fire risk, natural reforestation in European mountains, agriculture, biodiversity, urbanism, climate change and land management for decision support, etc. These case studies, provided by a large international spectrum of researchers and presented in a uniform structure, focus particularly on methods and model validation so that this book is not only aimed at researchers and graduates but also at professionals.
- Martin Paegelow, Olmedo Camacho and Teresa María (Editors)
- 2008-08-01, Springer
Geoforensics is a comprehensive introduction to the application of geoscience to criminal, humanitarian, environmental and military investigations.
* Includes large-scale applications such as remote sensing, landform, geophysics as well as small-scale examinations of rocks and spoils to trace material – the two scales of investigation are linked by geoscience applications to forensics
* Illustrated with over 40 case studies to inform the reader through theory as well as application
* Includes examples taken from an environmental and humanitarian perspective in addition to the terrorist and domestic criminal cases more regularly discussed
* Describes and examines innovative methods that are of growing importance in geoforensics, for example multi-proxy methods, sedimentology, the examination of trace evidence (non-destructive testing, small samples) and the legal aspects of geostatistics
* Includes a chapter on the use of GIS in criminalistics
* Includes material on how geoscience methods and applications are used at a crime scene
* Features an accompanying website
* With contributions from Laurance Donnelly, Mark Harrison MBE, and Antoinette Keaney
A groundbreaking textbook in this dynamic and evolving subject area, this book is invaluable to all students taking general forensic science, geoscience, forensic archaeology and forensic anthropology courses. The book is also of interest to practising forensic scientists looking for an overview of the subject, to law enforcement officers of the military, environmental impact assessment and police, and to legal professionals and humanitarian aid workers.
- Alastair Ruffell and Jennifer McKinley
- 2008-07-01, Wiley
GIS and Spatial Analysis for the Social Sciences: Coding, Mapping, and Modeling
This is the first book to provide sociologists, criminologists, political scientists, and other social scientists with the methodological logic and techniques for doing spatial analysis in their chosen fields of inquiry. The book contains a wealth of examples as to why these techniques are worth doing, over and above conventional statistical techniques using SPSS or other statistical packages. GIS is a methodological and conceptual approach that allows for the linking together of spatial data, or data that is based on a physical space, with non-spatial data, which can be thought of as any data that contains no direct reference to physical locations.
- Robert Nash Parker and Emily K. Asencio
- 2008-06-01, Taylor & Francis
Landscape Analysis and Visualisation: Spatial Models for Natural Resource Management and Planning
This book showcases a wide range of innovative landscape analysis and visualization techniques as used in a number of applied natural resource management and central planning problems. It includes papers ranging from a number of areas including: (i) natural resource knowledge management, (ii) ecological modelling, (iii) landscape visualization, (iv) NRM policy and investment, (v) land use change and scenario modelling, (vi) farm to catchment tools, and (vii) social, economic, environmental indicators and landscapes. It aims to provide readers with a better understanding of available frameworks spatial models and tools currently applied when addressing critical land use issues such as urban sprawl, climate change, salinity, biodiverstiy, and changing landscapes, from both the socio-economic and the biophysical angle.
- C. Pettit, W. Cartwright, I. Bishop, K. Lowell, D. Pullar and D. Duncan (Editors)
- 2008-06-01, Springer
Spatial Analysis in Epidemiology
This book provides a practical, comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the use of spatial statistics in epidemiology - the study of the incidence and distribution of diseases. Used appropriately, spatial analytical methods in conjunction with GIS and remotely sensed data can provide significant insights into the biological patterns and processes that underlie disease transmission. In turn, these can be used to understand and predict disease prevalence. This user-friendly text brings together the specialised and widely-dispersed literature on spatial analysis to make these methodological tools accessible to epidemiologists for the first time.
With its focus is on application rather than theory, Spatial Analysis in Epidemiology includes a wide range of examples taken from both medical (human) and veterinary (animal) disciplines, and describes both infectious diseases and non-infectious conditions. Furthermore, it provides worked examples of methodologies using a single data set from the same disease example throughout, and is structured to follow the logical sequence of description of spatial data, visualisation, exploration, modelling and decision support. This accessible text is aimed at graduate students and researchers dealing with spatial data in the fields of epidemiology (both medical and veterinary), ecology, zoology and parasitology, environmental science, geography and statistics.
- Dirk U. Pfeiffer and Timothy P. Robinson Mark Stevenson, Kim B. Stevens, David J. Rogers and Archie C.A. Clements
- 2008-05-29, Oxford University Press
Land and Landscape in Nineteenth-Century Ireland
This collection in the Nineteenth-Century Ireland Series focuses on the ways in which visitors to Ireland, but also the Irish themselves, and the viewed Irish land and landscape.
- Glenn Hooper and Úna Ní Bhroiméil
- 2008-04-01, Four Courts Press
Advances in Digital Terrain Analysis
Terrain analysis has been an active study field for years and attracted research studies from geographers, surveyors, engineers and computer scientists. With the rapid growth of Geographical Information System (GIS) technology, particularly the establishment of high resolution Digital Elevation Models (DEM) at national level, the challenge is now focused on delivering justifiable socio-economical and environmental benefits.
The contributions in this book represent the state-of-the-art of terrain analysis methods and techniques in areas of digital representation, morphological and hydrological models, uncertainty and applications of terrain analysis.
- Qiming Zhou, Brian Lees and Guo-an Tang (Editors)
- 2008-03-12, Springer
Map-based Mobile Services: Interactivity and Usability
This book reports the newest research and technical achievements on the following theme blocks: Design of mobile map services and its constraints, typology and usability of mobile map services, visualization solutions on small displays for time-critical tasks, mobile map users, interaction and adaptation in mobile environments and applications of map-based mobile services.
The book reports the newest research and technical achievements on the following theme blocks:
o Design of mobile map services and its constraints
o Typology and usability of mobile map services
o Visualization solutions on small displays for time-critical tasks
o Mobile map users
o Interaction and adaptation in mobile environments
o Applications of map-based mobile services
- Liqui Meng, Alexander Zipf and Stephan Winter (Editors)
- 2008-03-01, Springer