Geoenvironmental Mapping: Methods,Theory and Practice
This text illustrates the range of environmental geoscience mapping presently carried out around the world. Specialists in several countries have contributed a number of subdisciplinary and thematic topics including volcanic hazards, landslides, dolines, tsunamis, radon potential, medical geology, rainfall erosion, engineering geology, borehole stratigraphy, lake sediment geochemistry, aggregate resources and remote sensing. The collection, analysis and interpretation of data by geologists, geographers and engineers typically involves the presentation of information in map form, which can range from black/white to colour, 2-D to 3-D and paper copy to digital format illustrations. This volume reaffirms the global need for mapping geoscientific data.
- Peter T Bobrowsky (Editor)
- 2001-01-01, Taylor & Francis
Geoforensics is a comprehensive introduction to the application of geoscience to criminal, humanitarian, environmental and military investigations.
* Includes large-scale applications such as remote sensing, landform, geophysics as well as small-scale examinations of rocks and spoils to trace material – the two scales of investigation are linked by geoscience applications to forensics
* Illustrated with over 40 case studies to inform the reader through theory as well as application
* Includes examples taken from an environmental and humanitarian perspective in addition to the terrorist and domestic criminal cases more regularly discussed
* Describes and examines innovative methods that are of growing importance in geoforensics, for example multi-proxy methods, sedimentology, the examination of trace evidence (non-destructive testing, small samples) and the legal aspects of geostatistics
* Includes a chapter on the use of GIS in criminalistics
* Includes material on how geoscience methods and applications are used at a crime scene
* Features an accompanying website
* With contributions from Laurance Donnelly, Mark Harrison MBE, and Antoinette Keaney
A groundbreaking textbook in this dynamic and evolving subject area, this book is invaluable to all students taking general forensic science, geoscience, forensic archaeology and forensic anthropology courses. The book is also of interest to practising forensic scientists looking for an overview of the subject, to law enforcement officers of the military, environmental impact assessment and police, and to legal professionals and humanitarian aid workers.
- Alastair Ruffell and Jennifer McKinley
- 2008-07-01, Wiley
Geographic Information Analysis
Clear, up-to-date coverage of methods for analyzing geographical information in a GIS context.
Geographic Information Analysis presents clear and up-to-date coverage of the foundations of spatial analysis in a geographic information systems environment. Focusing on the universal aspects of spatial data and their analysis, this book covers the scientific assumptions and limitations of methods available in many geographic information systems.
Throughout, the fundamental idea of a map as a realization of a spatial stochastic process is central to the discussion. Key spatial concepts are covered, including point pattern, line objects and networks, area objects, and continuous fields. Analytical techniques for each of these are addressed, as are methods for combining maps, exploring multivariate data, and performing computationally intensive analysis. Appendixes provide primers on basic statistics and linear algebra using matrices.
Complete with chapter objectives, summaries, "thought exercises," a wealth of explanatory diagrams, and an annotated bibliography, Geographic Information Analysis is a practical book for students, as well as a valuable resource for researchers and professionals in the industry.
- David O'Sullivan and David J. Unwin
- 2002-11-01, Wiley
Geographic Information Management in Local Government
As early pioneers in the use of digital geographic data, many local governments in the UK were ahead of their counterparts in central government and the private sector in the application of GIS technology. To meet current challenges, local authorities must coordinate the latest technology with effective information management strategies, human and cultural issues, and organizational structures and processes. Geographic Information Management in Local Government examines the factors that are necessary to ensure that real benefits are delivered from the improved availability of geographic information.
Written by two practitioners with extensive government experience, this four-part book examines supporting technology, the data that fuels it, and the human factors that help or hinder successful GIS implementation. Exploring the history of geographic information management in local government, this volume offers a pragmatic overview of the subject and what local authorities need to do in order to be successful.
The Introduction covers the emergence of Geographic Information Management (GIM) and GIS in local government and explains why they are important. Part 2 explains the key elements of human and organizational issues, data, the technology toolbox, GIS selection and implementation, and coordinating mechanisms. Part 3 provides in-depth analyses of nine case studies on the use of technology by local UK authorities. Part 4 looks forward to the prospects and challenges for further GIM by local governments.
- Examines the factors that are necessary to ensure that real benefits are delivered from the improved availability of geographic information
- Covers the subject from a user’s perspective, focusing on real-world implementations
- Offers nine case studies from a variety of UK local government authorities
- Details practical benefits, positive drivers, success factors, and potential obstacles
- Explores the impact of new technologies on local governments
- Ian Gilfoyle and Peter Thorpe
- 2004-11-01, Taylor & Francis
Geographic Information Science and Mountain Geomorphology
Significant advances in geomatics and geomorphology are changing the way in which scientists study complex mountain environments. This book provides a critical treatment and evaluation of these recent developments. With the advent of advanced satellite sensors, high resolution satellite imagery and digital elevation, models now make possible quantitative analysis and modelling of the landscape. So it is becoming ever more important for geoscientists to integrate geomatics into their scientific investigation. This book is a "must" for any researcher actively working in geomatics, geomorphology and mountain systems. It will also be valuable to geologists and resource planners interested in the role of surface processes in complex orogens and resource assessment and sustainable development.
- Michael Bishop and John F. Shroder,
- 2004-01-01, Springer
Geographic Information Systems Applications in Natural Resource Management, Second Edition
Geographic Information Systems: Applications in Natural Resource Management is intended for introductory-course students in forestry and natural resource management, field forestry, biology, and other natural resource or natural resource-related fields. The emphasis of this book is on the application of Geographic Information systems (GIS). It provides detailed coverage of GIS operations such as querying, buffering, clipping, and overlay analysis; as well as background information on the history of GIS, database creation, editing and acquisition, and map development. The applications provided can be extended to any region of the world, although the primary emphasis is on Canada and the rest of North America. This book also examines current GIS trends, and the opportunities and challenges likely to face GIS users.
- Michael G. Wing and Pete Bettinger
- 2008-08-21, Oxford University Press
Geographic Information Systems and Crime Analysis
Computerized crime mapping or GIS in law enforcement agencies has experienced rapid growth, particularly since the mid 1990s. There has also been increasing interests in GIS analysis of crime from various academic fields including criminology, geography, urban planning, information science and others. This book features a diverse array of GIS applications in crime analysis, from general issues such as GIS as a communication process and inter-jurisdictional data sharing to specific applications in tracking serial killers and predicting juvenile violence.
Geographic Information Systems and Crime Analysis showcases a broad range of methods and techniques from typical GIS tasks such as geocoding and hotspot analysis to advanced technologies such as geographic profiling, agent-based modeling and web GIS. Contributors range from university professors, criminologists in research institutes to police chiefs, GIS analysts in police departments and consultants in criminal justice.
- Fahui Wang
- 2005-01-01, Idea Group Publishing
Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling
Intended for advanced courses in Geographic Information Systems, Spatial Data Processing, or Environmental Modeling. This text, written by experts in the field, provides the only comprehensive and authoritative treatment of the topic available.
- Keith C. Clarke, Brad O. Parks, Michael P. Crane
- 2001-05-07, Prentice Hall
Geographic Information Systems and Health Applications
The use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in the health sector is an idea whose time has come. The current applications of GIS in health are diverse and extensive. The present GIS environment is heavily driven by technology and such an approach is indeed logical for the most part. However, the needs of less-developed countries in utilizing the concepts and technologies of mapping should not be neglected in the continuing evolution of GIS. Geographic Information Systems and Health Applications presents a sampling of the many applications utilizing GIS in the field of health.
- Omar A. Khan and Ric Skinner
- 2002-10-31, Idea Group Publishing
Geographic Information Systems and Public Health: Eliminating Perinatal Disparity
Geographic Information Systems and Public Health: Eliminating Perinatal Disparity is designed to introduce a community health group to the potential of using a Geographic Information System to improve birth outcomes. The book is aimed at novice to intermediate level GIS users, though even advanced researchers will gain from the detailed health examples. Chapters in this book provide an overview of why geography is important in the investigation of health, the importance of the four main components of a GIS (data input, manipulation, analysis and visualization), how important neighborhood context is when using a GIS, and the general differences found between urban and rural health environments. In addition, the reader is introduced to the importance of GIS and confidentially, how a mobile urban population may impact GIS findings, and why pregnant mothers should catered for when making disaster response plans. Examples are drawn heavily from the Baton Rouge Healthy Start program, with one chapter providing an overview guide as to how GIS can be incorporated in the initial grant writing stage for such a program.
- Andrew Curtis and Michael Leitner
- 2005-12-30, Idea Group Publishing